Why are lymph nodes inflamed?
Why lymph nodes are inflamed
Lymph nodes in the human body are biological filters to protect the immune system.
Bacteria that "swallowed" the lymph nodes are destroyed along with the reborn cancer cells, if any.
The reason for the increase in lymph nodes in the neck is the fact that the human body itself is not able to overcome the disease and needs help. It can also mean reduced immunity of the body or damage to the lymph node tissue by pathogenic bacteria.
The most frequently occurring reason for which the lymph node in the neck can be enlarged is infections of the oral cavity, SARS, tonsillitis, diphtheria, stomatitis, rubella, etc.See what these diseases look like in the photo on the Internet. The most common symptoms of lymph nodes in the neck are in children who are sick a lot.
Lymph nodes - the organs of protection of the immune system and with its weakening, protection comes from the lymph nodes. The treatment in this case takes longer and may become chronic. Hike to the doctor is inevitable. In children who are often sick and their immune system is too weak, they notice a constant increase in the tonsils (submandibular lymph nodes).
Tumor of lymphatic tissues
The cause of the active enlargement of the lymph nodes in the neck can be the appearance of cancer cells of the lymph node tissue.
More rare cases in which the lymph node may be enlarged:
- mechanical damage to the lymph node;
- chronic alcoholism;
- symptoms of thyroid disease;
- metabolic disease;
- symptoms of connective tissue disease.
Main symptoms of inflammation
The cervical lymph nodes in a child and an adult can take on the size of an egg or walnut, however, in a quiescent state, they are the size of a pea. When they appear even on the one hand, they can be seen visually.
To determine the increase in lymph nodes, you can use the touch. A slight soreness appears and you can feel how the lymph node is enlarged.
Symptoms of an increase in the neck can be accompanied by malaise, weakness, headache, fever.
During the main infectious disease, the symptoms of inflammation will be in the background. As an example, in case of sore throat, the lymph nodes in the neck are enlarged in almost half of the cases, and when the treatment is completed, the inflammation disappears by itself.
In the case when the symptoms on the neck do not go away for a long time after the victory over the main disease, this is a sign of a chronic infection and you will have to contact a doctor who should conduct a full examination.
If the lymph node is enlarged for a long time, but it does not hurt when pressure is applied to it, it is also necessary to go to the doctor and promptly pass tests and a biopsy.
Treatment of inflammation of the lymph nodes
It is especially difficult to cure the symptoms of inflammation in children who are constantly ill. And it begins with the determination of the cause. Treatment of the inflammatory effect on the back of the neck implies the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, for example,honey, prednisone, deltason. For children, these drugs are prohibited or permitted as a last resort for the minimum dosage. UHF therapy is also prohibited for a child under 6 years old.
It doesn’t matter where they are enlarged in the child, on the one hand, behind or under the jaw, the result is the treatment of the main disease, the use of antibiotics with a large spectrum of action and time. It doesn't matter what doctor you go to, how many photos you put online withquestions why, why and what to do. It doesn’t matter how much one or another lymph node is enlarged in you or your children, everyone will tell you the same thing - treat the underlying disease, and they will decrease by themselves.
All that can advise for a child and an adult, in addition to antibiotics, is bed rest, copious intake of warm fluids and taking vitamins.
Why do many doctors prohibit the popular treatment of several children or one child in the case of the appearance of lymph nodes? Self-treatment without prior examination can lead to the process of chronicity and the appearance of complications of various kinds. If the lymph node is enlarged and taking antibiotics and other means for a child is prohibited, we advise you to consult a doctor before self-treatment.
Any folk remedy will only help strengthen the immune system to accelerate the reduction of the lymph node, but does not affect the prevention of the disease.