Who wrote the Creed and why it is not a prayer
We all tend to cool down to the business that you do. Whatever a person does, motivation weakens over time, goals and tasks that were so clear at the beginning of the path are forgotten in daily hectic. Therefore, we need to remind ourselves as often as possible why we are put in our place and what are the main points of our organization. An example of this is the Church, which at every liturgy reminds believers of the main tenets of Orthodoxy in the Creed. Every Christian is obliged to know this prayer by heart in order to remind himself at any moment what his faith is based on.
Even the early Christians made up the so-called creeds in order to briefly formulate for themselves the basic tenets of Christianity. There were several similar formulations. The Apostle Paul writes: “For I originally taught you that I myself accepted, that is, that Christ died for our sins,according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that he rose on the third day, according to the Scriptures, and that Kifa appeared, then to the twelve; then he appeared more than five hundred of the brethren at one time, of which most are still alive, and some have rested; then he appeared to Jacob, also to all the apostles ”(1 Cor. 15: 3-7). However, because of the persecution of Christians and the impossibility of working out a single formulation, there were many symbols.
There are still tThese early Christian creeds are:
• Apostolic Creed
• Symbol of faith of the martyr Irenaeus of Lyons
• The Creed of Tertullian
• Symbol of faith of St. Gregory Neokesariysky, the wonderworker
• The Symbol of Faith of the Holy Martyr Dionysius, Pope of Rome
• Chalcedon Creed
• The Creed of St. Athanasius of Alexandria
With the advent of heretical (false) teachings in Christianity, the bishops decided to unite and refine these symbols.
The symbol of faith, which is conciliarly sung by the Orthodox in churches during worship services, in its present form was approved by the fathers of the First and Second Ecumenical Councils. This Symbol is based on the baptismal Symbol of the Jerusalem Church.
The Nicene (First) Cathedral was held in the city of Nicea in the year 325. On it were taken the first seven parts of the Creed. This council affirmed the final victory over the false teaching of Arius that Jesus Christ is not the true God, since he was created by the Creator.
The Second Ecumenical Council adopted five more parts of the Creed. The reason for this was the struggle against the heretical teaching of Macedonia. He did not recognize the divine dignity of the Holy Spirit.
The Created Symbol of Faith is also called Nika-Tsaregrad, in honor of the places where the cathedrals, which adopted it, passed.
Why a creed is not a prayer
The creed is a summary of the basic truths of Christianity. He is not a prayer, as he has no appeal to the Lord, the Queen of Heaven, saints and angels. But every Orthodox Christian should know it by heart. Thus, he testifies that he knows and accepts (believes) the main dogmas that the Church preaches.
Before accepting the sacrament of baptism, it is announced (the one who is preparing to adopt Christianity) must attest to his agreement with the creed by uttering the Creed.