What do you know about papilloma?
Papilloma - for sure you heard that word. What does it mean? It is a disease or a cosmetic problem, what is the danger to a person? And everyone should know about the causes and varieties of these entities, about prevention and modern methods of treating an unpleasant problem.
Papilloma - what is it and what arethe time of her appearance
Papilloma is a benign tumor formation of the skin and mucous membranes in the form of growths and warts. The frequency of occurrence in men and women is almost the same.
It is a mistake to think that papilloma is more of a cosmetic problem (it's ugly to have any growths, especially on the face). It is a disease that causes the human papillomavirus (HPV). And there are many varieties of this virus.
What you need to know about papilloma:
- carriers of the virus of the disease are more than 90% of all people;
- usually the virus is activated if immunity is reduced;
- the virus can not manifest itself for years;
- infection can occur through contact and sexual contact;
- It is completely impossible to remove the HPV virus from the body, it can only be muffled;
- papilloma itself is subject to removal.
Papilloma - types and places of appearance
Papilloma grows in a variety of places, often delivering a lot of inconvenience to a person. It can appear on the face, on the neck under the breast, in the armpits, on the eyelids.
There is papilloma on the mucous membranes of the nose and mouth, in the stomach and intestines, in the bladder, in the anus.
Genital warts.It is a papilloma of the genitals. Causes of infection - unprotected sex.
In men, the place of appearance of papillomas is the groin area, the penis, in women - the vagina, on the labia.
Such a condyloma is dangerous at high risk of developing cervical cancer.
Papilloma of this species tends to grow rapidly, causing destructive changes in tissues.
Flat warts. They are oval or rounded, flesh-colored and light brown. Such papilloma is only 1-2 mm above the surface of the skin.
Mostly appears in children and adolescents (it is also called youth).
Papilloma ordinary (simple). It is also called the vulgar wart. Formations of 2-3 cm above the skin, have a rough surface. Often occur on the hands and feet in children.
Papilloma on the foot is called plantar. It is quite painful due to constant irritation when walking.
Filamentous papilloma. This type is more common in people after 35 years. In size it is from 3 to 5 mm, round or filiform in shape, on a thin leg.
Areas of spread - neck, face, eyelids, armpits, groin, area under the breast in women.
Papilloma of the urethra and bladder.The disease is quite serious, with no visible manifestations, but accompanied by unpleasant symptoms.
A person has a pulling pain in the lower abdomen, problems with urination, there may be blood in the urine. Such papilloma is more common in men, the treatment is usually surgical.
Papilloma - how to distinguish from moles
Both papilloma and a mole are benign growths, but they have a different origin nature.
Papilloma is a human virus, and the mole is a pigment of transformed skin cells.
By structure, the mole is dense and firm, and papilloma is soft and loose.Torn papilloma will bleed, will begin to grow rapidly in size (up to 6 cm). Its usual dimensions are from 2 to 15 mm.
A mole consists only of skin cells, while papilloma always includes vessels in its structure.
The mole is light, brown and almost black, and the papilloma is predominantly light.
The birthmark is usually symmetrical, and the papilloma has no clear contours.
Papilloma - what treatment does medicine offer
First of all, you need to know an important thing - even the most modern treatment does not allow completely rid the body of the virus.
Enhancing immunity - one of the methods to combat papilloma:
- healthy lifestyle;
- wellness techniques;
- hardening of the body;
- use of vitamin complexes;
- taking drugs that increase immunity, and antiviral drugs.
Treatment by removing papilloma
Laser removal.The procedure is performed with anesthesia; it usually takes about 30 seconds per papilloma.
Instead of it, a crust of caked blood will appear on the skin, after healing there will be no traces at the site of removal.
Laser treatment is suitable for removing formations in places where the skin is more tender: on the neck, on the face, in the armpits.
Radiowave treatment. Removal is performed with a special device "Surgitron". The method is painless and effective.
Papilloma is quickly cut off in the area of the leg; at the site of the cut, after the crust falls off, the skin is restored without edema and the risk of scarring. The treatment ensures high removal accuracy.
High-frequency radio waves can be used to remove almost all types of papillomas.
Liquid nitrogen treatment. The technique is also called cryodestruction (destruction by cold).
Treatment consists of burning with nitrogen, whose temperature is 195 degrees below zero. Papilloma freezes, then dies off and disappears.
The procedure must be carried out by a qualified doctor: it is important not to allow the tissues to freeze and to precisely maintain the necessary amount of time for the papilloma to freeze, otherwise the effect will not be achieved.
The treatment is painless, reddened at the site of removal, the skin heals quickly. But this method is not recommended for the face and especially eyelids.
Electrocoagulation. Papilloma is removed by high-frequency electric current. You can perform the procedure on any part of the skin using local anesthesia. The healing process will take from 8 to 10 days.
These methods of getting rid of papilloma are the most effective. Surgical treatment today is considered outdated, although excision with a scalpel also helps to remove the formation on the skin.
Treatment of papilloma by folk methods
Many are trying with varying success to get rid of papillomas at home. But this is a risky business.
Doctors are skeptical about the possibility of a positive outcome of self-treatment and warn about possible negative consequences.
Reasons why home treatment is not recommended:
- the presence of genital warts - their self-removal is especially dangerous;
- papilloma on the face - getting rid of it is fraught with the formation of a skin scar, which even doctors will not be able to remove;
- inflamed formations, papilloma with bleeding and its rapid growth are a danger at high risk of developing cancer.
And still national methods of treatment of papilloma exist.
Garlic treatment.The cut plastic of garlic is applied to the papilloma, fixing with adhesive plaster. Do the procedure twice a day.
The authors of the recipe promise - after 2-4 weeks there should be a cure. It all depends on the size of the papilloma.
The use of juice celandine. The recipe is simple - you need to cut the stem of the plant and lubricate the papilloma juice twice a day. Treatment may take 2-4 weeks.
Treatment with the drug "Super Clean". The drug is very strong action, it must be applied with great caution. With this remedy, the papilloma is simply burned out, damage to the skin may remain. Cannot be used to remove lesions on the face and neck.
Aloe and Kalanchoe pinnate. Used leaves of plants that are more than 5 years.
It is necessary to cut a sheet longitudinally, glue it on a papilloma with a plaster. Aloe keep for 4 hours, and Kalanchoe - from 8 to 10 hours. The course of treatment will be 10 days.
Dangerous papilloma - prevention of skin lesions
What is dangerous papilloma? Under adverse conditions (and there are a lot of them in our life), education can quickly grow.
In addition to the unaesthetic appearance, the reasons for starting the treatment are obvious: it is easy to damage the papilloma by clothing, careless movement of the arm, and then it will inflame. And this is fraught with infection.
About the risk of cancer, the causes of which - papilloma, we have already spoken.
Since one of the ways of infection with the HPV virus is contact-household, you should take precautions.
You can get infected even using the toilet after a patient with genital warts.
If there are microcracks on the skin, then the causes of infection can be very different - a visit to a public bath, swimming pool, tattoo parlor.
Infection can be transmitted through household items: you can not use a common towel, washcloth, dishes.
During childbirth, a mother with a papillomavirus automatically transmits it to the child.
Often the causes of infection by the virus lie in early sexual contact. Girls need to talk about the consequences of such connections.
Children older than 10 years can be vaccinated against papilloma, vaccination before the start of sexual activity almost 100% protects against possible infection.
Women from 25 to 65 years should regularly take tests for the HPV virus (optimally 1 time in 2 years).
Papilloma is a rather unpleasant problem. And since the medicine cannot defeat the virus once and for all, then all possible measures of prevention and treatment should be used.
People with strong immunity papilloma is almost not worried. The conclusion is obvious: watch your health, help the body to cope with threatening diseases on its own.
And if treatment is required, do not rely on folk remedies - modern methods of papilloma removal in clinics are more effective and safe.