Veliky Novgorod - sights, a trip to the history
Novgorod is an outstanding center of Russianculture, which did not affect the Tatar-Mongol invasion. In this city the chronicle, the book-writing was concentrated. He played an important role in the development of architecture, applied art and painting in Russia. For the first time Novgorod as a fortified settlement is mentioned in the chronicles of 859. It is this date that is considered the point of reporting the age of the city.
Veliky Novgorod, whose attractionslocated on the banks of the Volkhov River, is famous for its unique and thorough Russian beauty. The Sofia side is located on the left bank of the river and includes the famous Novgorod Kremlin, the Sofia Bell Tower, St. Sophia Cathedral, the Metropolitan Chambers, the Episcopal Palace with the Faceted Chamber, the watchtower, the Court Chamber and the historical monument of the Millennium of Russia.
The Kremlin - the sights of Veliky Novgorod
Today the Novgorod Kremlin is populartourist center. The ancient Russian city does not appear without the Kremlin. It was he who was the center of the city, determining its layout and silhouette. The Kremlin, or "Detinets," as it was otherwise called, was a public, religious and administrative center. Here they gathered the veche, held the election of the posadnik, from here came out to battle with the Swedes of the squad of Alexander Nevsky. The walls of the Kremlin served as a defense for the St. Sophia Cathedral, which was the residence of the Novgorod ruler. The Kremlin collected and rewrote books, the chronicle was conducted. The highest tower of the Novgorod Kremlin is Kokui. The height of this tower together with the dome is 38.5 meters.
The tower was built in the late 17th century. In the Great Patriotic War it was destroyed by bombing and was restored only in the middle of the twentieth century. There is a legend about the Kokui Tower, which tells of two underground passages that connected it to the other side of the Volkhov, the house of Martha Posadnitsa and the settlement of Yuryevo. Today there are nine towers in the Kremlin. The length of the Kremlin walls is 1350 m at a height of up to 15 meters and wall thickness of up to 6 m. Museum expositions of the Kremlin are one of the symbols of the city and are depicted on souvenir items.
Veliky Novgorod - sightseeing of the city: monasteries
Antoniev Monastery is a monument of the ancientRussian architecture of the XII - XVII century. Traveling around the monastery, you can see the Nativity Cathedral, a wall with travel arches, the Church of Sretenia with a refectory. Especially in this architectural ensemble is expressed the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin, built in the XII century. To the south of Veliky Novgorod on the left side of Volkhov is the St. George Monastery with the famous St. George's Cathedral. Not far from the monastery walls on the bank of Lake Myachino was built a museum of wooden architecture in Vitosavitsy, which contains unique wooden churches, windmills, huts from various parts of the Novgorod region.
Veliky Novgorod, whose sights are reflected in numerous monuments of ancient Russian architecture, is distinguished by its distinctive and colorful buildings of architecture.
The architecture of Veliky Novgorod is inseparable fromhistory of the city and the whole country. For a long time, the inhabitants of the city were considered skillful masters who built real masterpieces from wood. Subsequently, the Novgorodians mastered the principles of building stone buildings. Until the beginning of the XVI century Novgorod architecture was characterized by a grand multicolumn, which is later replaced by a simple and laconic composition of the facades. Of the two hundred churches located earlier in the city, so far only 38 have survived. Some of them continue to function, others function as museums. Veliky Novgorod, whose sights are primarily churches and monasteries, including Yuryev, Varlaamo-Khutynsky, Nikolo-Vyazhishch, is the custodian of the country's cultural heritage. Many of the churches of the city are included in the UNESCO world list.