The terrorist attack in Domodedovo: a chronicle of events, causes, consequences
International terrorism is recognized as one of the mostserious threats to all of humanity. One of the most tragic events in Russia in recent years was a terrorist attack at the Domodedovo airport. The sad news spread on the Internet through the Twitter service on January 24, 2011 at 16:38, which forced millions of people to cling to TV screens.
How did it all start?
January 24, 2011 - one of the most horrible daysin the history of Russia. Around 16:32 Moscow time, there was a terrorist attack in Domodedovo. On this day, 37 peaceful citizens of Russia and foreign countries perished at the airport, including two people from Tajikistan and Austria, one resident of Germany, Ukraine, the United Kingdom and Uzbekistan. 117 people from 13 countries suffered from the explosion.
The explosion was heard in the general waiting room, inclose to the cafe "Asia". Nearby was the hall of international arrivals, and this caused a colossal number of victims from foreign countries. The terrorist act at the Domodedovo airport was committed by a suicide bomber. According to the alleged law enforcement agencies, he was a representative of the North Caucasus. A day after the tragedy, on January 25, VV Putin made an announcement that the terrorist was not a native of Chechnya.
Later on, the persons whohelped the suicide bomber in the organization of an explosion in a public place. The trial of those involved in this terrible act took place on November 11, 2013, according to which 3 members were sentenced to life.
What are the main reasons for the terrorist attack at the airport?
After the terrorist attack at the airportDomodedovo, many political scientists and other experts began to identify the main factors that became the root cause of this terrible event. In particular, Levada-Center conducted a survey during the period from 28 to 31 January. The respondents were asked to name the reasons for the terrorist attack in Domodedovo.
- Most citizens agreed thata similar situation would not have arisen if the special services had carried out their activities more competently. In other words, 58% of all respondents recognized the activity of law enforcement bodies as incompetent.
- The second most popular reasonrespondents, corruption in the highest authorities. 23% of respondents believed that bribery, including in law enforcement, determined the terrorist attack in Domodedovo. In addition, 22% of Russians agreed in opinion that authorities can not avoid and prevent such suicide attacks.
- Other surveys have shown that, according to the publicthe blame for the terrorist attack on civilians lies on the shoulders of representatives of various levels of state power. With this agreed 3/4 of all respondents.
The explosive used at the airport Domodedovo
As established by law enforcement agencies,The suicide bomber used an explosive device, the charge of which was 5 kg in TNT equivalent. The bomb is made of a plastid in the form of a shahid belt. After examining the wounds on the bodies of the victims and the dead, forensic experts concluded that the explosives were stuffed with damaging elements, among which are metal balls, trimming pipes, washers and nuts. However, representatives of special services in their statement clarified that it is impossible to say exactly about the "deadly stuffing" of a bomb, since such damage could be caused by elements of baggage arriving, fragments of bogies and metal furniture, which was in close proximity to the epicenter of the explosion.
Mourning for the dead
Invaluable is the bitterness of human losses thatresulted in a Domodedovo attack. Stefania Malikova published the first footage on her social networking page after a terrible explosion with touching comments, in which she put all her thoughts about what had happened. This event was not ignored by the Moscow authorities. Official mourning for all those who died in the capital and the region was announced on January 26, 2 days after the tragedy. The flags were lowered at all buildings, and entertainment events were canceled.
Mourning along with the relatives of the deceased and the wholeRussia students of Moscow State University who canceled all the celebrations related to the Students Day. Other higher education institutions across the Russian Federation joined this campaign. On January 27, a rally on Pushkin Square was organized in tribute to the victims of the terrorist act.
The consequences of the terrorist attack in the airport Domodedovo
Of course, such an event could not have beenLeft unnoticed by the President of the Russian Federation DA Medvedev. By his order, the head of the Transport Directorate, Alekseev Andrey, was fired. The second high-profile event was the dismissal of the head of the LOVD of the Moscow Domodedovo airport, as well as two of his assistants. On this personnel changes have not come to the end. The terrorist attack in Domodedovo cost the posts 4 officials, as well as Gennady Kurzenkov, who did not wait for the public "execution" and resigned at his own request.
Payments to relatives after the terrorist act
The mayor of Moscow, Sergei Sobyanin issued a decree onthat all victims will be buried at the expense of budgetary funds. For these purposes, there were 37 thousand for each deceased person. The terrorist act was not recognized as an insured event, although Domodedovo had a contract with an insurance company. Therefore, all payments to relatives were made from public funds: 3 million close to victims, 1.9 million to people who received severe and moderate injuries, 1.2 million injured with minor injuries.
The terrorist act in Domodedovo in 2011 was one of the mostthe most brutal and resonant actions of bandits. Doku Umarov took responsibility for himself, who recorded the video message, promising to continue to commit such acts in Russia.