The surroundings of Pskov - the main historical sights
The journey begins
One of the oldest Russian cities was and remains the majestic city of Pskov. The story of his birth goes deep into antiquity. When St. Petersburg erected the Peter and Paul Fortress, merchant houses shook gray hair off the roofs.
Not for nothing, the walls of Pskov are deservedly considered the most massive in all of Europe among the fortifications. The city of Pskov is always ready to surprise guests with numerous temples, museums and other interesting places rich in sights. In its beauty, it will not leave anyone indifferent, as, indeed, the city of Ostrov.
Not only is Moscow golden-domed for its Kremlin. There is the same building in Pskov. It is called the Pskov Kremlin. Locals call it Krom for short.It is located on a high hill near the confluence of two rivers, the Great and Pskov, and it numbers more than a thousand years.
The Pskov Kremlin covers an area of three hectares, and on it, within its walls, are located its own sights. In particular, here you can see:
- Dovmontov city, as well as Pskov, begins its history from the 13th century. That it is part of the most important defensive system of the Kremlin in Pskov;
- Zahab - Old Russian fortification;
- Order houses;
- Trinity Cathedral and the wonderful bell tower - the pearl of the architectural complex of Pskov, more precisely, of its Kremlin.
We will also tell about the tower of Vlasyevskaya, which is the owner of the highest wooden tent, but Kutekroma is remarkable for the fact that its construction took place in the distant 14th century.
From the fortress wall itself, as well as the seven towers mentioned above, there is a unique view of the nearby surroundings, as well as the very bend of the rivers.
When they list the sights of Pskov, remembering the city of Ostrov, no one will ever allow themselves to forget to mention the Trinity Cathedral, which is the only large temple in Pskov that has survived. For the Pskov Kremlin, he is heart and soul. A magnificent example of religious Russian architecture.
In his appearance everything is strict, sublime and subtle. Four graceful domes concentrated around the majestic golden head. Fascinating windows, flying up, whitewashed walls and a porch, "adorned" with a wide staircase. Inside you should pay attention to the magnificent iconostasis.
The Trinity Cathedral is not only the greatness of Pskov itself, but also of the entire Pskov region. A similar structure "owns" and the Island. This building is the fourth in a row, whose construction was completed in 1699. Nevertheless, it originates from the distant 10th century.
It was within its walls, before the start of the great Ice Battle, that Grand Duke Alexander Nevsky prayed.
On the territory of the cathedral, the Church of St. Seraphim of Sarov found its shelter together with the tomb. The walls of the crypt of the Trinity Cathedral protect the peace of the Pskov princes, clergymen, bishops and the ashes of the mythical holy fool Nikola Salos, who in the year 1570 defended the city of Pskov and paid for it with life, which the punitive corrals of Ivan the Terrible troops had chosen for what the Island cannot boast.
If you think that the sights of the Pskov region, as well as the Pskov itself, end there, then you are deeply mistaken.
If you are looking for sights in Pskov, pay attention to the Gremyachuyu tower. It is this that represents the most historical place shrouded in legends not only by Pskov itself, but also throughout the Pskov Region.
It was built in 1525 on the right bank of the river called Pskov. With all its form, it points to the Italian Middle Ages. Many archaeologists agree that its architect was none other than Ivan Fryazin himself, who was at that time the great architect of Italy and transferred to the service of the Russian king.
Despite its low height, which is only 20 meters, which is confirmed by the photo, she could place a whole garrison of armed soldiers inside herself, thanks to the competent distribution of space.
The legends, enveloping the Gremyachy tower, tell about the ghosts of noble princes visiting her at night, drunk artisans accompanied by a demonic escort and sleeping beauties, owners of countless treasures, sleeping within its walls in anticipation of the constricted. These are the sights in Pskov, you can not only see, but even listen.
All the sights of Pskov and its environs would not have enough paper. That is why we are talking about places that are worth visiting in the first place. That is exactly what Dovmontov city is. It is a fortification extension of the Pskov Kremlin.In its ensemble, it appeared in the middle of the 13th century.
Initially, Dovmontov city was considered only a separate street of the Great Pskov Kremlin. However, the expansion of the settlement turned it into a full-fledged urban part. This part is first mentioned in chronicles at the end of the 14th century. Over time, Dovmontov town got two towers: Vlasyevskaya and Rybnitskaya, which you can admire in our time.
Pskov Railway Museum
Looking for sights in Pskov, do not forget about the museums. Here are two of them. We'll talk about each, but let's start with the Pskov railway. Looking at the photo, it is difficult to say that this institution must be visited. However, precisely for his sake is to come to the city of Pskov.
This museum was established in 1967. The initiator was a veteran of the Great Patriotic War and a railroad enthusiast a certain A. Valentik. They have done tremendous work in terms of discovering, studying and systematizing the archives, collecting and post-processing hundreds of thousands of memories of participants in state and public life who were directly related to the railway.
Here are the exhibits that introduce the visitor to the beginning of the era of Russian steam locomotive building. Also here you can see a detailed map layout not only of the Pskov region itself, but also a construction map in the Pskov province of railways. The real highlight of the first exhibition pavilion are rare exhibits:
- wagon candle lamp;
- working tools of railway workers;
- samples of tickets that went in the days of the Tsarskoye Selo railway.
It contains exhibits dedicated to the revolutionary events that took place during 1905-1917, as well as the period of the Soviet Union. Documents about the station “Velikie Luki” are stored here, papers indicating the records and achievements of the first five-year plans. Collected records of the proceeding reverse processes.
Special attention should be paid to the documents that are devoted to the abdication of the throne of Emperor Nicholas II.
He is fully devoted to the role of the Pskov railway workers who worked in wartime. Took part in the liberation of the city from the German invaders, restored the railway lines of communication. This hall is also filled with documents relating to the Pskov branch of the St. Petersburg-Vitebsk branch of the Oktyabrskaya Railway.
Having entered the city of Pskov, you should not immediately look for its sights. They will find the seeker themselves. For example, the Pskov Railway Museum is located in the historic center of the microdistrict of railway workers. Initially, he "lived" in the premises of the Pskov railway station, but eventually moved to the first floor of the former clinic.
You never fold go past this building, since its entrance is located:
- the wheel cart presented on a photo;
- nostalgic inscription;
- big semaphore.
Caverine Museum "Two Captains"
Not a single city in the Pskov Region can boast of a museum called"Two captains". This is the exclusive prerogative of Pskov. What is it remarkable?
This museum of Pskov is dedicated to the history of the creation of the novel of the same name owned by V.A. Kaverin."Two captains". The author is a native of the city of Pskov. The museum itself has found its refuge in the building of the youth regional library. Open to everyone.
The entire exposition is divided into two pavilions, where the first hall is entirely devoted to the life steps and creative falls and successes of the author of the novel itself. Here there is a lot of material about the genealogical tree of the writer's family, with which it is easier to know the environment in which this creative person grew. The second hall will tell the story of the creation of the above work. Here you can see drafts, manuscripts of the great writer, “touch” the original sources of the printed edition. Also here are reviews of the then press and the first published books.
In the Pskov region there is a very interesting and big city called the Island. By its magnitude, it is equal to Pskov, but, of course, it is inferior to it. Here it’s time to leave our Pskov, full of sights, alone and move to the Island.
The first question that each traveler who studies his native land will pose is as follows:“What can surprise a guest with a city with such a wonderful name - the Island?”.There are many interesting places that should not be missed.
In the whole of the Pskov region, you will never find such a wonderful architectural masterpiece, which was created during the years 1850-1853 by a railroad communications engineer, Mikhail
Yakovlevich Krasnopolsky. Passing through it, the impression of immersion in the past. As if traveling by train.
It belongs to the buildings of the 16th century.
Kindly invites the Island to visit a unique historical structure - the Trinity Cathedral. This temple, of which Pskov and the whole region are proud of, and, naturally, the city of Ostrov itself was built with the personal funds of Queen Catherine II. The construction of this architectural monument fell in 1790.Long before this, the great queen inspected the “newly built lands” and decided to build the temple. Toward the end of the 19th century, a porch was attached to the structure of the bell tower. This event Island is well documented.
Simansky Savior Kazan Monastery
Pskov and its region will not show what the Island traveler will introduce to the traveler. In particular, the conversation is about the Simansky Spaso-Kazan nunnery. First of all, the building attracts with its historical and architectural value. He was erected closer to the end of the XIX century Simians, who were the ancestors of one of the oldest patriarchs. During the Great Patriotic War, the Simian transfer camp was established within its walls. Currently, the monastery is in the process of restoration, but the Island allows you to look at its greatness even in such a period.