Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

09.08.2016

Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

War elephants were used until the New Age as heavy machinery, suggestive of fear only by sight. When ten and more elephants fled to the detachment, the soldiers of the enemy's army were doomed and scattered to the side. The detachment became vulnerable to the enemy, and their defeat did not keep themselves waiting. To stop such a weapon, you need a dozen soldiers, and if the elephant is in protective armor, then even fifty people could barely cope.

Animal and man

The elephant is a dangerous animal, not only for ancient times, but also at the present time. Now these beautiful individuals live in special reserves or not populated places because of their size and weight.

An elephant can easily crush a person completely if he comes or hits with his trunk. His skin is very thick, and it is extremely difficult to pierce it, which is why the ancient wars could not do without the participation of these fighting animals in them.

Historical battle

People learned to use them for their own purposes, not only as a means of transportation, as was originally.Over time, the elephanta replaced the horses at work on the ground, and even later the elephants became a real weapon in capable hands.

The advantage of war elephants

The main advantages of war elephants:

  • awesome view;
  • overcoming long distances;
  • resistance to harsh climate;
  • a large supply of meat during hunger;
  • ability to break trees on the way;
  • hard to hit;
  • hard to get close to;
  • effective for breaking through defenses.

Application time

The time of the use of elephants as a “ram” and “breakthrough” passed when the firearms and the first versions of the mortars appeared, allowing to send projectiles accurately and far. And in the future, the animal has been used exclusively as a transport.

Rated battery

This is due to the fact that firearms quickly hit the target due to the high speed of the projectile. The elephants, on the other hand, are big and not very agile at the same time; they were difficult to maneuver during the shelling.

Frightened animals became uncontrollable and swept away all obstacles in their path - no matter if it was an ally or an enemy.

Tactics of application

Read also:

The battle tactics of war elephants were difficult and time consuming, it took more than one year to prepare a combat unit for breakthroughs.Only males were taken into battle, females were often avoided in the herd of fights, so they were used only for the transport of weapons and other luggage.

The main elephant manager, who is also the commander, was located on the top of his head and controlled the movement of the animal with the help of leashes that were attached to the tusks. Many between the tusks stretched thick wire so that the enemy did not get close to the eyes, and with a flick of the head a fighting animal could hit several people at once.

Troop attack with war elephants

Most often, on the back of an elephant there was a small tent in which archers sat and hit ground targets. The commander could at the same time have an excellent overview of a long distance ahead and skillfully guide the detachment. The main task for which the war elephants were involved was to suppress the defenses and defended fortifications of the enemy.

Elephant punched wooden and metal fences in his path. It was very difficult to hit a large animal in the armor, thick skin and chain mail did not miss arrows and spears. The enemy could only hit the weak points: legs, lower abdomen and eyes, but it was extremely difficult to do so.

Effective weapon

Effectively, elephants were used against cavalry, the horses of the enemy army were afraid of elephants and became unmanageable.

Archers on the backs of elephants

Only the roar of this gigantic living fortress instilled fear in both people and animals, and the skillful management of elephants replaced an entire infantry regiment. For a successful attack was enough a couple of dozen animals, and in the major battles, they participated in hundreds.

Despite the fact that for centuries people have used elephants for different purposes, modern people have little knowledge of interesting facts about these amazing animals.

If you want to learn more about this frightening war equipment of ancient times, we offer you to watch the following video:


Take it to yourself, tell your friends!
Read also on our website:
The history of ancient China
Ancient China is a centuries-old heritage of the eastern country, which is famous for its rich history. During the reign of the first emperors, fundamental changes took place in the organization of statehood, the household sphere and the technological progress of the empire. In our article we will tell you the history of the ancient state.
The history of the Viking sword - the perfect weapon of the Middle Ages
Viking sword - the legendary weapon of the inhabitants of Scandinavia, who were famous for their raids on Europe. The Vikings knew a lot about battles, which meant they knew how to make one of the best weapons of that time.From our article you will learn the history of the existence of the legendary Viking sword.
5 people because of which the end of the world could happen
The end of the world - the destruction of the planet. Such an event is difficult to imagine and even more difficult to imagine people through the fault of which the Earth could disappear. But, nevertheless, there were moments in our history when the fate of the entire human civilization depended on the decision of one person.
Technology ancestors: weapons of ancient civilizations
Technologies of ancient civilizations in one way or another influenced the course of history. Starting from small household items and ending with huge war machines. In our article you will see several combat technologies of ancient civilizations that were revolutionary for their time.
show more
History of the Templar Order: Templar Knights
Order of the Templars: Society of Knights of the Middle Ages, which arose in the XII century from a handful of soldiers who guarded the pilgrims on their way to Jerusalem. Subsequently, society has grown in size and has acquired great power.In our article you will read the history of the existence of the Templar Order.
7 interesting facts about the mafia Yakuza
The Yakuza mafia is one of the most ancient and most influential criminal organizations in the world, which has already grown so much into the culture and life of Japan that many people in this country perceive the existence of a gang as a given. In our article we will tell some interesting facts about this gang.
5 of the strangest ancient artifacts
An ancient artifact is a subject of great historical importance. Such a subject can be a thing of cultural, religious, and sometimes even domestic significance. The main thing - the artifact is unique in the historical context, therefore, with careful study, he can tell a lot about the history of its owner.
Middle Ages: 5 myths in the history of Europe
Middle Ages. From the history we know about the incessant internecine wars and the seizure of foreign territories, the poverty of the common people, the dominant plague and famine, and many other terrible events of the era. In our article we decided to destroy several common myths about medieval Europe.
Cleopatra: Unknown Facts About the Queen
The Queen of Egypt, the mysterious ruler, a charming woman and a cruel enemy. All these descriptions fit one person - Cleopatra. She became famous not only as a politician and scientist, but also as a seductress of Julius Caesar himself. How did she do it? Read in our article.
Archeology of Russia: Top 5 Historical Discoveries
Some of us dreamed of becoming archeologists in childhood. Ancient civilizations, extinct species of animals, historical events and much more appear before the eyes of a scientist. In this article we will show you 5 of the greatest discoveries made in Russia in the field of archeology.

Related news

  • 10 rules of French working moms
  • How to make economical landscape design
  • Resorts and sanatoriums of Russia: a selection of sites
  • Who is Ekaterina Zharkova and what is she famous for?
  • Why choose the Electrolux technique

  • Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars

    Tactics of using war elephants in ancient wars