Sterilization of dogs - is it necessary

Sterilization of dogs - is it necessary?

Briefly about the main thing

So what is sterilization? This is a surgical procedure in which resection (complete removal) of the uterus and ovaries is performed. After such a radical operation, the dog not only loses the ability to multiply, it also goes into heat. At the same time, the animal retains the qualities of its character and everything is also devoted to the owner. The dog does not feel moral pain and does not want to become a mother. The animal is driven by instinct and no more. Accordingly, if you brought a pet not for reproduction, it is worth sterilizing it.

Please note! Do not persuade doctors to save the ovaries. If they remain, then every 6 months the animal will be in heat, which will attract the attention of the mass of cables that they will definitely want to mate.

In modern veterinary medicine, there are 2 types of sterilization:

  1. For females. This is a standard operation, due to which estrus will no longer disturb and the dog will lose its reproductive ability.
  2. For cables. Males produce castration, while seminal cords are cut and testes degenerate.

Dog in the hands of a veterinarianThis manipulation is performed in a hospital and under general anesthesia.Cables are castrated without large-scale cuts and damage. After manipulation, the animal is kept in the hospital for 24 hours.

In females, the process is a bit more complicated. Resection of the genital organs is carried out with abdominal access (through the abdomen), which significantly extends the recovery period.

Accordingly, after the operation, the dog will stay in the clinic a little longer.

Advantages and disadvantages

Among pet owners there are a lot of supporters and opponents of sterilization. On the one hand, this operation is promoted, describing its advantages to control the number of homeless and non-pedigreed animals.

On the other hand, many identify smaller brothers with people, attribute qualities and feelings to them. And in vain. After all, a dog is a pack animal that perceives you as a leader or as a subordinate, which should be protected. In the pack, everyone stands up for each other, provides care for puppies - children, etc.

Pluses of manipulation

Among the positive aspects, it is worth highlighting the following advantages:

  1. Vagrancy, escapes on love adventures and other similar moments are excluded. The animal does not seek to breed.
  2. Females disappear in heat and related troubles.
  3. Doctor stroking a ginger dogThe nature of the animal becomes softer, reduced aggressiveness. Your pet is no longer seeking to overcome all dogs within a kilometer radius.
  4. There is a change in the metabolism process, the food is better absorbed and the dog needs less feed.
  5. Sterilization reduces the risk of contracting dangerous diseases from stray animals. After all, after surgery, the dog does not try to contact them.
  6. Prevention of dangerous pathologies associated with pregnancy and childbirth in females. First, estrus and the risks associated with it will stop: blood stasis, heavy bleeding, etc. Also estrus opens the way to infections, this is another plus of sterilization, because dangerous bacteria simply cannot enter the pet's body. Having sterilized, you protect the animal from pyometra and the appearance of malignant tumors in the mammary glands, uterus and ovaries, prostate, testicles.
  7. Reducing the stress level of the animal. For each female estrus is a continuous stress, you give the animal peace of mind and prolong life.

As you can see, the advantages of sterilization are very significant.

disadvantages

Before you decide to carry out sterilization, it is worth remembering that in the first place, it is an operation that involves damage to the skin and internal structures.

Among the consequences of such an intervention may be such phenomena:

  1. Master Hugs His DogStandard inflammatory complications. Each operation involves the presence of sutures. Naturally, they can become inflamed and even begin to rot. To protect the animal from such problems, it is important to provide him with proper care.
  2. The deterioration of the development of conditioned reflexes. Dressura will be difficult, and in some cases - impossible.
  3. If the operation is performed on animals older than 5 years, there is a risk of developing prostate cancer and urolithiasis. But this is only a probability, not a guarantee. If the care is proper and the diet is right, then there is nothing to worry about.

As you can see, sterilization has its pros and cons. Therefore, before making a decision, it is worth weighing the pros and cons, because you personally are responsible for the life and health of your pet.

The conclusion is obvious: if the operation is performed in a reliable clinic by a competent veterinarian, and for an animal under 5 years old, the disadvantages of sterilization are automatically eliminated.

Of course, there is no guarantee that a pet will not develop a postoperative infection, but you cannot be insured against injuries with the same success.

Rules for caring for animals after sterilization

If the minuses of sterilization did not scare you, then you should carefully prepare for this manipulation and the postoperative period. Indeed, at this stage, the animal will need not only your love, but also the maximum of productive and correct care.

Features of preparation

Before surgery, you should carefully take care of your pet. First, this manipulation is preferably carried out at an early age: from 8 weeks to a year. It is best to do the sterilization in six months, when estrus and the breeding instinct are not yet developed.

Secondly, it is necessary to protect the pet from reflex vomiting after giving anesthesia. For this, the dog is no longer fed 24 hours before being admitted to the clinic.

Please note! Only food is banned! Your pet should always have water, this is a mandatory pet care.

Before coming to the clinic for a short time, walk the dog. It is important that the animal needs care. During the reception at the clinic you will be asked to take an analysis.Accurate information about the health of the pet will significantly reduce the risks and may even save his life. About how much this analysis costs and how much you need to pay for sterilization, they will tell you directly at the clinic or in advance by phone.

First hours after intervention

Doberman at the feet of the hostessDuring the intervention, the dog is intensively saturated with oxygen through a special endotracheal tube. After the suture is applied, the animal enters the postoperative cage. Here, the veterinarian systematically monitors the state of the pet, monitors changes in character, activity, and measures the temperature.

Only after the dog had completely withdrawn from the anesthesia, and the veterinarians were convinced that there were no postoperative infections and complications, he was allowed to go home to the owners.

How to care for seams

Prepare for the return of your pet home in advance. If the dog lives in the booth, then let him in for a couple of days in the room. First of all, care involves a certain mode:

  1. The temperature in the room should be in the range of 20-22 degrees.
  2. Eliminate drafts.
  3. Put your pet on a special collar that will protect the seam from licking wounds.
  4. Regularly change the water in the drinker.It should be at room temperature and always fresh.
  5. Lay a clean mat on the dog bed and change it regularly. This will protect the seam from infection.
  6. Do not allow your dog to be excessively active. Jump and run can not. It is necessary that the pet behaved calmly.

Such animal care is needed during the day. But this is only the beginning, because you need to monitor the wound and systematically handle the seam. Of course, you can do this in the clinic. But in the postoperative period, it is better to reduce travel.

So, we process the seam:

  1. Postoperative stitches in the dogCheck with the doctor how to use an antiseptic. This is important because the same iodine can burn the pet's delicate skin. Usually, the suture is treated with betadine or fucorcin.
  2. The wound must be clean. Do not walk your pet on the street so that it does not stain the seam.
  3. Dryness. To heal the wound, the suture can not be wetted and moistened. The dog should be in the collar, it should be ensured that it does not lick the postoperative scar.

Such a simple care will protect against complications. If the seam is bloody, oozing, smells unpleasant or inflamed, then you urgently need to take the pet to the vet.

The question of sterilization remains controversial.But, taking into account all the advantages of the procedure, and the fact that estrus will no longer disturb you, it is worth doing this simple operation for dogs whose plans of owners do not include breeding.

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  • Sterilization of dogs - is it necessary

    Sterilization of dogs - is it necessary

    Sterilization of dogs - is it necessary

    Sterilization of dogs - is it necessary

    Sterilization of dogs - is it necessary

    Sterilization of dogs - is it necessary

    Sterilization of dogs - is it necessary

    Sterilization of dogs - is it necessary

    Sterilization of dogs - is it necessary

    Sterilization of dogs - is it necessary

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