Slaves of their time
The Soviet economic system was based on the quasi-free alienation of a significant part of the value produced by the workers. Money wages were alienated in favor of the state, even without any taxation, simply “in fact”. However, the Soviet authorities declared that such a practice was the only one possible at the stage of the production of socialism, when it was necessary to create an industrial base for improving the well-being of people.
However, even in the Stalinist period, the Soviet government returned the withdrawn in the form of public buildings, developed cheap transport infrastructure (the symbol of which was, of course, the metro) accessible secondary and higher education, medical care, which made the first steps of the pension system. In the post-Stalin period, the USSR actually moved from the production of socialism to its consumption, the level of which was very high by the first half of the 1980s. Still low wages (most often - barely exceeding the subsistence minimum) and the depleted range of goods, in general, the mutedness of the exchange mechanisms, were compensated by exceptionally broad social rights.The right to rest, medical care, education, freedom of movement within the country, pensions, maternity benefits and maternity leave (few remember that it was in the early 1980s that the last heights of the “development of the gains of socialism” were taken, the benefits of childbearing).
All this well-being, created, according to the stated program, with a foundation for the future, required huge investments, which were taken from the pockets of the then working people, current pensioners.