Russia helped the USA twice in difficult moments of the history of this state!
But it was not only they who simply forgot about it, but also started a cold war against the USSR-Russia soon after the end of the Second World War, which, in fact, has not stopped yet!
Atlantic squadron of S. S. Lesovsky on the roads of New York. Harpers Weekly magazine illustration
In 1863, there was a threat of a joint demonstration of France and England against Russia. At the suggestion of the manager of the Naval Ministry, Vice-Admiral N.К. A squadron under the command of Rear Admiral SS was sent from Kabbe as a deterrent from the Baltic Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. Lesovsky.
Stepan Stepanovich Lesovsky, 1817 - 1884
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At the same time, a Pacific squadron under the command of Rear Admiral A.A. was formed and sent to the shores of America in Vladivostok. Popov.In addition to the threat to the maritime communications of England and France in the event of war, the squadron's task was to demonstrate solidarity with the Northern states of America during the civil war against the slave-owning South, supported by Britain and France, and also to protect the ports of northerners.
The squadron of the Atlantic Ocean included the screw corvettes Varyag, Vityaz, Peresvet, Alexander Nevsky and the Almaz clipper. In the Mediterranean, they were joined by the frigate Oslabya. In the Pacific squadron included screw corvettes "Bogatyr", "Kalevala", "Rynda", "Novik", clippers "Abrek" and "Gaydamak".
Transition squadron took place in difficult meteorological conditions. On September 14, not far from San Francisco, in a fog, ran aground and the Novik corvette broke in waves. Having different nautical qualities, the ships were approaching the ports of destination one by one.
On September 24, 1863, Lesovsky’s squadron officially entered the raid of New York, and three days later Popov’s squadron arrived at San Francisco. This was the first friendly visit of warships of the Russian fleet to the United States. Russian sailors were enthusiastically greeted by the population and the authorities.In all the cities where they appeared, Russian and American flags were hung out, military parades were organized, and solemn meetings were held.
The appearance of the Russian squadrons off the coast of America made a strong impression on the business circles of England and France, who quickly calculated the possible losses from the blockade of the American coast and the disruption of trade with their vast colonies. Numerous petitions were sent to their governments. As a result, the danger of confrontation is over. In July 1864, when the troops of the northerners in America launched an offensive along the whole front, their victory over the Confederates was designated and the threat of military actions from England and France disappeared, the Russian squadrons were withdrawn to their homeland. This operation had a strong influence on the development of cruisers as a new class of warships.
In 1866, considering themselves deeply indebted to Russia, the US government sent a detachment of ships to Kronstadt as part of the Miantonomo monitor and the Augusta steamer commanded by Captain Fox, Secretary of State for the United States Maritime Ministry, who gave the address of the congress with deep gratitude for the support provided Russia America.