If you decide to build a pool with your own hands, before you dig a hole in the plot, you need to familiarize yourself with all the views. Today, the market has a wide selection of swimming pools - from inflatable to monolithic children's ten-meter. Before choosing what you need, weigh all the advantages and disadvantages of each design.
Concrete (stationary) pool
If you want a solid pool that will stand for a century and in any weather, then you need to build a concrete structure. If you have the time and money, then this is the best choice for the suburban area, especially since such a pool can be built by yourself.
A concrete pool is a cast pool in a previously prepared trench consisting of an iron frame filled with concrete.
This pool can be built both outdoors and indoors. For normal operation, the pool must be connected to sewage, ventilation, electricity, water and heat supply. If the pool is located indoors, then it is still necessary to provide a vapor barrier system for the building, especially for ceilings.
But the construction of a concrete pool is very time consuming.First, dig a pit and install a drainage system, prepare the underlying surface. The ground itself also needs to be prepared - it must have a bearing capacity, not be eroded by groundwater. Further along the contour of the walls, everything is prepared for pouring concrete for the bowl, inside the bowl is finished with waterproofing and then decorative works follow. The lining can be any: ceramic tile, natural stone, polymer film, mosaic, etc. By the time the construction of such a pool takes 2-3 months, and if you do the pool with your own hands, then 3-5 months.
First you need to clearly define the place for construction. Walls of a bowl should not adjoin to the base. At the selected place should not pass groundwater.
Also note that the bowl should be poured immediately, in any case not in parts. It is necessary to think in advance about all openings for fixtures, cleaning systems, etc., since concrete is not recommended to be drilled after pouring.
When finishing the tiles, the joint between the tiles should be wider than when facing the walls, and grout and glue should be more elastic.
The advantages of finishing tiles:
- low water absorption coefficient;
- resistant to water pressure and temperature extremes;
- does not overwrite;
- resistant to chlorine and chemicals.
- large amount of work;
- requires bowl waterproofing;
- requires careful maintenance of seams, a raid is formed;
- on the edges of the tiles can be cut.
Some trim a swimming pool with mosaics, especially if some original design is planned.
The advantages of mosaic finishing:
- lowest water absorption coefficient;
- resistant to frost;
- many colors;
- it is durable.
Disadvantages of mosaic finishing:
- waterproofing is required more thorough than when finishing tiles;
- damaged when heavy objects fall onto it;
- the high cost of both the mosaic itself and the installation work;
- more labor-intensive masonry process;
- care is required for the seams and the surface itself so as not to form a plaque.
Recently, it has become more fashionable to finish the pool with PVC film. It can be pulled right over the concrete without waterproofing.
Advantages of the film:
- low cost of work;
- no waterproofing required;
- suitable for bowls of various configurations.
Disadvantages of the film:
- short-lived in operation (5-7 years);
- small selection of colors;
- visible seams in the joints of the film.
Thus, the biggest advantage of a stationary concrete pool is that it is built for ages and there is plenty of room for design solutions. But the construction becomes heavier with great effort and high cost of the process itself.
Recently it is the most popular type of stationary pool. The pool itself is a ready-made bowl that needs to be dug in. Such baths can be in their composition of fiberglass, ceramic composite and composite. You can easily build this pool on your summer cottage.
It is built much faster than concrete. It is necessary to dig a pit, lay the bottom with rubble, insert a bowl and cover it with earth on the edges. Such a pool can be built in a few days.
Consider that it is impossible to drain water from the pool for the winter. Since such pools have a tapering shape at the bottom, it will simply push it out when the soil freezes. If you are in a region where the temperature in winter drops to minus 20 degrees, then before you buy, be sure to know what temperature range the pool cover is calculated for.
Advantages of plastic pools:
- such a pool is built much faster;
- smooth surface facilitates the process of care;
- there is no need to build a staircase, as it already exists;
- water cools much slower than in concrete;
- the best waterproofing;
- impact and wear resistant;
- there are models with built-in hydromassage;
- no fungi form on the surface and bacteria do not multiply;
- 50 years warranty.
The disadvantages include:
- expensive transportation of the bowl to the installation site;
- a crane will be required for proper installation (level installation);
- the choice is made from existing models, you can not order an individual design;
- almost impossible to install indoors.
Frame or inflatable pool
The easiest, fastest and cheapest way to build a pool with your own hands is to install a frame or inflatable pool. The frame structure is more durable and designed for large volumes than inflatable.
But both of these options require careful maintenance, as the provided water filtration system is often insufficient in such pools. The downside is also that their lifespan is small.