Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp.

On April 29, 1945, American troops liberated the Dachau concentration camp.
And they shot without trial the SS guards. In total, 560 Germans were killed there on that day. An internal investigation was conducted on this occasion. No one was punished, and the results were classified until 1991.
Shooting from machine guns
Here is the investigation:
Briefly in Russian:
6:00 AM The new commandant of the camp, Obersturmführer SS Heinrich Skozensky (SS-Obersturmf? Hrer Heinrich Skodzensky) ordered his subordinates to surrender. At that time, about 560 people were under his command, some of them were wounded in the hospital.
10:55 Commandant Skodzenski went out to meet the Americans, but was killed in a skirmish that ensued while trying to surrender the camp.
11:00 Part of the third battalion of the 45th American division enters the camp.
11:30 AM American soldiers, impressed by what they saw in the camp, kill 122 German prisoners of war prisoners, mostly SS soldiers. The escaped prisoners kill about 40 more guards, some of them with their bare hands.
12:00 Order in the camp temporarily restored. 358 German soldiers were taken prisoner, many of them - wounded soldiers raised from the beds from the hospital.
12:05 A machine gunner named “Bird's Eye” (“Birdeye”) suddenly shouted “They are trying to escape!” And opened fire with a 30-gauge machine gun, killing 12 soldiers before Lt. Colonel Felix L Sparks [1]) pushed him away from the machine gun with the words "What the hell are you doing ?!".
12:15 The order is restored again.
12:30 Most of the prisoners returned to their cells.
14:45 346 captured German soldiers were shot at the wall of Block C of the camp. At least oneThe soldier was full of prisoners there. Survivors finish off single shots.
18:00 Additional parts arrive to help guard the camp.

06:00 Waffen SS-Obersturmführer (Lt.) Heinrich Skodzensky, hastily named Camp Commandant, holds a lawyer now guarding Dachau. His roll call tallied 560 men, many of them in hospital. I’m a little lieutenant we’ve been running away to the American approach. Skodzensky's orders were to surrender. (Dachau Archive)
07:35 3rd Battalion, 157th Infantry Regiment, of the U.S. Gross Inzemoos 45th (Thunderbird) Divisions (10 miles northeast of Augsburg) with the rifle companies supported by tanks.
8:30 AM After the bridge has been blown away, it’s temporarily halted by a bridge bridge near Ampermocking.
09:30 Tanks of the 101st Tank Battalion enter the city of Dachau after an alternate river crossing is found.
10:00 am Two rifle companies (K & L) of 3rd Battalion are dispatched to attack toward Munich. I Company is held in reserve.
10:15 3rd Battalion HQ receives the camp at Dachau.
10:30 AM (3rd Battalion) are dispatched in the direction of the concentration camp. Tanks are not able to cross in the field.
10:45 1st Lt. L.R. Stewart and 1st Sgt. Robert Wilson of L Company found a footbridge machine defended by a lone machine gunner. After firing one belt of ammunition and crosses. Remain behind to clear Dachau and continue the attack against Munich.
10:55 am An Intelligence & Reconnaissance (I & R) patrol reaches enemy fire. Around the scene. Obersturmführer plays in the confusion.
11:00 AM Afterward, Finding and Inspecting a Trainload of Dead Prisoners. Pfc. There was no doubt that there was a chance that he would be able to get there. (Avenger)
11:20 American soldiers reach the inner compound where inmates are imprisoned. See location (A).
11:25 am The crematorium and gas rooms are soon discovered at location (B). Pandemonium reigns and dead bodies are everywhere.
It has been replaced by the structure above the 1942. It has been replaced by the so-called “Baracke X” "Type. According to most historians, Several former inmates have said otherwise. (Courtesy of Dachau Archive)
11:30 AM American Army GIs in a frenzy or horror guns, some 122 captured German soldiers - most of them Waffen SS. He has been able to get 40 guards, some with their bare hands. He was involved in at least 60 of the killings.
12:00 All resistance is silenced and escaped inmates are rounded up. Order is temporarily restored. 358 German soldiers are wounded.
12:05 A GI machine gunner, nicknamed "Birdeye" from the M Company, suddenly yells, "They're trying to get away," and opens up with his .30 caliber machine gun. Lt. He says: “He's you are doing?”
Dead German soldiers at Dachau. Exact location unknown. They are wearing Tarnjacke, camouflage uniforms, of Waffen-SS combat troops. Caliber pistol. Heel his eyes. According to Edwin F. Gorak, April 30, 1945, "It was a slaughter simultaneously, as a machine gun fire." (Courtesy of Edwin F. Gorak, 158th Field Artillery)
12:15 Order is restored once again. A moment of relative quiet ensues.
12:25 Brigadier General Henning Linden and party arrive. Number of inmates escape.
12:30 pm Most inmates are rounded up and returned to enclosure.
12:35 A verbal battle erupts between General Linden and Colonel Sparks.
12:45 General Linden and party depart.
12:50 pm Guards have been posted, tempers have cooled, emotions are being brought under control. The camp is finally secure. Col. Sparks reports to the Regimental Headquarters.
A group of 200 German soldiers being marched to a holding enclosure. Lt. William Walsh is the fourth from the left with back to camera. Five inmates can be seen assisting the Americans. The German flag of the Red Cross. (Courtesy of the 45th Division Museum)
1:30 pm Colonel Walter O'Brien and Captain Minor S. Shirk tour the camp.
14:30 Col. Sparks sets up for the general frederick. Meanwhile, Lt. Walsh and elements of I Company withdrawal to Munich. Chaplain Loy returns to city of Dachau.
A group of German guards being turned into a rifle. This can be seen below. (Courtesy of 45th Division Museum)
14:35 Lt. Howard Buechner and Lt. Robert Kimsey arrive outside the camp. Both are medical officers and staff members.
14:45 346 German soldiers are machine gunned by 1st Lt. Jack Bushyhead, the Executive Officer of I Company, at location ©. Lt. Bushyhead was a full-blooded Native American (Cherokee) from Oklahoma.
The photo above shows about 60 dead or wounded. Only the wall is visible. A machine gunner crouches over a model 1919A4 machine gun, center foreground. Youn’t been taken for free. A hospital building can be seen at right. (Photo by Arland B. Musser, US Signal Corps. Courtesy National Archives, Washington D.C.)
14:47 Lt. It is just a few minutes before the photo is taken.
14:49 Medical Sgt. Ralph Rosa and his party of medics arrive at the site of massacre.
Drawing of the execution site by Lt. Buechner. Dead German soldiers are not represented by "Xs," black dots are American soldiers, are shown with circles, shown with approximate lines of fire. Stands for guns on the left. "A" shows the path of Lt. Buechner. The other is Sgt. Rosa's path. "25" indicates the German guard with a shovel below. (Buechner)
Two inmates preparing to kill a fallen SS guard with a shovel. In the background, the rows of guns can be seen. A large hospital building can be seen above right. Above. (Photographer unknown, probably T / 4 Arland B. Musser, US Signal Corps. Reproduced from Day of the Americans by Nerin Gun.)
14:53 Lt. Kimsey peers over the wall (see diagram above) and sees garrison has been completed. All captured Germans soldiers are either dead or dying. None of the U.S. medical personel, including Dr. Buechner, attempts to treat the wounded. Each man is shot individually.
15:00 Lt. Buechner and party inspect the camp until 1700.
15:15 Col. Sparks and Gen. Frederick tour the camp until 1700.
Rifle range at Hebertshausen near Dachau where he was executed in 1941 and 1942. (Dachau Archive)
6:00 PM Battalion (C Company) (157th Inf.) Arrive to assist with guard duty.
From 1933 to 1945, 206,206 prisoners had been registered at Dachau. The total number of dead will never be known. He was sent to the camp for the Sonderbehandlung ("Special Treatment," a sign of "killing"). These deaths were never registered. The International Tracing Service in Arolson reports 31,591 dead among the prisoners that were registered. He died from 1933 to 1945. It was relatively low, probably no more than 5,000. On the day of liberation, some 2,500 of the 32,000 remaining inmates were Jewish. (Avenger)
* Individual participants in the liberation of the first American arrival at Dachau. It can never be calculated without any doubt. There was, however, almost a general agreement that the camp was “cleared” by 2:30 pm P.M. It is a lot of times that it is based on the war diary of Lt. Howard A.Buechner, his book "Hour of the Avenger" and battle reports of April 29, 1945.
In September 1986, more than 40 years after the massacre at Dachau, retired U.S. Colonel Howard Buechner published his first-ever hardcover book, "Hour of the Avenger," detailing the grisly events of April 29, 1945.
It was not until 1991 that the U.S. Army quietly at Dachau. U.S. lieutenant ordered four German soldiers into one box. Another American soldier clubbed and those still moaning. Several GIs turned to be guarding death. It was said that they were murdering. See photo above.

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  • Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp

    Liberation of the Dachau concentration camp