Learn how to grow "garden palm" in the country (tips for beginners)
Numerous photos of beautifully decorated lawns, videos of private houses show bright and tall plants in the foreground with large carved leaves. These impressive flowers are known for a long time and are considered African "natives". In Africa, they are grown as perennials. Since the appearance of strong plants on our continent, they are known as castor.
In many countries with a very hot climate, its perennial varieties are grown. Stems can reach 10 meters in height.
A castorplate of any kind is a decoration of a garden, a personal plot, as well as flowerbeds and even lawns. Amazing flowers and leaves of the plant look presentable and alone, and among a large number of similar flowers. It is believed that the shape of their leaves resembles a tick.Therefore, it is considered that it was the carved leaves that gave the name to the plant.
All varieties have beautiful flowers. Each of them has female (above) and male (below) flowers. Inflorescences are located on the racemes in a vertical inflorescence. After the flowers bloom, amazing ovaries, like hedgehogs, form in their place.
The highest and powerful structure has Borbonian castor oil (Borbonicus arboreus). The plant reaches a maximum height of three meters. Borbonicus arboreus has a tree-like stem (intensely red) and magnificent shiny leaves. This species forms excellent branching, making the plant look like a shrub. The barrel can reach 15 cm in thickness.
The most common type. Most resistant to our climatic conditions. Growing and caring for plants of this variety is simpler in comparison with others. Even a novice florist can handle the casting of an ordinary castor. The plant can grow up to 1.2 meters. An adult plant has glossy carved leaves and a strong green stem.
The Gibson species (gibsonii hort) is characterized by a straight, branched stem and a dark red shade of leaves with a metallic sheen. An adult plant looks gorgeous in reality, in photos or in video plots. This attracts many connoisseurs and makes them fall in love with this variety, despite the peculiarities of care.
Incredibly bright and delightful appearance is Indian castor, the distinctive feature of which is a stem of almost black color. This variety requires more careful care of the seedlings.
The owner of gigantic bright red leaves castor bean Zanzibar (Zanzibariensis enormis) under favorable conditions can reach 2 meters in height. The leaves have a dark purple hue and an incredible brilliance of succulent leaves.
Planting seeds for growing
It occurs in several stages:
- Seed treatment(scarification occurs - violation of the integrity of solid seeds by rubbing them with sandpaper, then they are treated with growth stimulants and planted in separate pots; a common video in the network captures in detail the entire stage);
- Further concern for seedlings(caring for seedlings includes helping sprouts that cannot get rid of oily peel on their own, it is also important to maintain an optimal temperature for growing quality seedlings - 15 degrees);
- Transplant into the ground(it is possible only after the stable warm outdoor temperatures have been established, only then the seedlings are transplanted into the ground by the transshipment method with the earth coma abundantly soaked).
It is possible to grow garden palm trees directly by planting seeds at a permanent place in the garden or in a flower bed. In this case, the seeds are planted after a really warm weather is established, the probability of frost will be minimal. As with the seedling method, seeds are scarified and soaked in growth stimulants. They are planted at a distance of 60-80 cm from each other. If there is enough seed, it is better to plant 2-3 pips per well.
A low percentage of germination can lead to the fact that not every seed will ascend. Several plants that have risen at once must be cleaned.The weakest and underdeveloped shoots are removed, leaving only strong and tall in the hole. Flowers when planting by seedless method appear later than in plants planted with seedlings.
Seeds should be planted in places where the plant will be quite light and warm. It is necessary to constantly maintain the necessary level of soil moisture, as the castor beetle likes abundant watering.The soil is preferred fertile and light. Only if you follow all these nuances, you will grow a strong and strong plant with maximum growth and a thick glossy crown. The color of the crown and flowers in this case will be rich and bright. Photos of blooming castor bean are often found in magazines. Video stories will also be able to help in such a difficult matter.
Features landing work
In many educational videos on registration of personal plots you can see castor bean. However, working with it suggests some features.
Planting a "garden palm" is a more complicated process than caring for a plant planted in a permanent place. Regular weeding, abundant watering, a sufficient amount of heat and light - that’s all the necessary care..
The castor beetum looks great on the lawn, in combination with soft grass or surrounded by small creeping annuals. In this case, castor flowers will become a bright color accent, and small annuals will emphasize the beauty of this incredible plant.