Laparoscopic procedures - a modern method of treatment
Ovarian cyst - what is it?
A neoplasm, which is called a cyst, is represented by a pathological cavity. The video below shows that there is liquid inside it. Cysts are not growths. They develop directly in the ovary.
The size of the cyst varies from small to large. This may be a single entity. Sometimes on the video taken in the ovary, whole colonies are found. In this case, polycystic is diagnosed.
Quite often self-resorption of the cyst occurs. Then it is considered as functional, not requiring medical measures. If after the discovery of a cyst two months have passed, and there is no improvement, then treatment should begin. Such symptoms are characteristic of the endometrioid type of the disease.
What is the procedure?
The most common and technologically advanced method of treatment is ovarian cyst laparoscopy.This is an effective treatment that has been used for a long time. A positive result of the procedure is achieved not only by the skill of the surgeon, but also by using video.
The essence of laparoscopy is to heal the cyst cavity. Such an operation is not difficult, but must be carried out carefully. The main thing is to avoid injury to healthy tissue. After peeling the capsules, using special tools, stop the bleeding.
All manipulations are controlled by video, which facilitates their implementation. During the operation, the cavity of the ovary is constantly moistened. This is necessary to avoid damage to healthy areas.
Laparoscopy is necessarily used for the treatment of endometrioid cysts. The presence of such a problem in the ovary may be the reason that pregnancy does not occur for a long time.
When you can not hesitate with the operation?
Removal of the cyst must be done with the following indications:
- if a video survey showed that large tumors appeared;
- if the cyst has a leg;
- if the presence of such a pathology in the ovary prevents the pregnancy from occurring;
- with the endometriod form of the disease.
How to carry out the removal procedure?
Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure in which two punctures are used to penetrate the pelvic cavity. Their diameter is 5 mm. Special tools and a camera transmitting the video signal are inserted into the abdominal cavity. This method makes it possible to remove a cyst of 2-4 cm in size.
In the past, before the invention of laparoscopy, doctors did not remove such minor lesions. The proliferation of endometrioid tissue turned around so that pregnancy did not occur.
Cases of degeneration of cysts into more dangerous diseases, cancer adenomas, were also diagnosed. Incorrect surgical intervention was observed, which resulted in damage to healthy tissues. Nowadays, since video monitoring is used, such problems are practically excluded.
Laparoscopy of an ovarian cyst is the most gentle and safe procedure.It guarantees complete recovery from endometriotic pathology. After it, the chances that a pregnancy will come increase up to 70%.
If such an operation is scheduled, then special preparation is necessary for its implementation. The first thing you need is to pass tests (blood, urine). Blood coagulation and biochemical tests are also required. The patient provides the results of fluorography and ECG. Preparation consists of abstaining from eating for eight hours before the prescribed procedure.
The abdominal cavity is filled with carbon dioxide. A miniature camera, which is inserted into the hole, transmits video to the screen. The image helps to more accurately and accurately manipulate.
How is postoperative rehabilitation?
After laparoscopy of an ovarian cyst, treatment with anesthetic drugs is carried out. If indicated, antibiotic medication may be prescribed. Recovery usually occurs fairly quickly. After 3-5 hours, the patient is allowed to get up, and in the evening she can walk.If rehabilitation does not cause complications, a woman will be discharged on the third day after the procedure.
At 6-7 days after such manipulations, the stitches are removed. Before the first periods come, doctors advise to refrain from sexual intercourse. To restore was normal, you should not expose yourself to heavy physical exertion.
After elimination of the pathological neoplasm in the ovary, it may take from 2 to 6 months until pregnancy occurs. Restoration of hormonal levels after surgery is sometimes carried out with the help of medicines.
It happens that after laparoscopy, the expected pregnancy does not occur. In this case, conduct repeated analyzes. They may show that repeated laparoscopy is necessary. This should be done to eliminate the source of the disease in the ovary.
What diet is shown in the recovery period?
After getting rid of a painful lesion in the ovary, a special diet is not prescribed. Food should be light. It is allowed to eat on the second day.Meal should be dosed. In the diet should include:
The diet consists of moderate fluid intake: no more than 1.5 liters.
The prognosis after laparoscopy of ovarian cysts is quite favorable. Monthly begin to pass regularly and with normal intensity. After six months, pregnancy begins. Any discomfort is excluded.
If analyzes have shown that there is a pathology in the ovary, then this is not a reason for panic. With the help of a safe, fast and painless method - laparoscopy, health can be guaranteed guaranteed. This is true even for an endometrioid cyst. Proper nutrition and life during the rehabilitation period will provide full recovery.