Kazakov - Marshal of the USSR
Kazakov - marshal of artillery, an outstanding commander of the Soviet era, a hero of the USSR. He was awarded numerous orders and medals. His name is given to the streets in towns and villages.
Childhood and youth
The future marshal Vasily Kazakov was born the sixthJuly (the eighteenth in the old style) in a peasant family. His father, IV Kazakov, worked as a stoker, later as a janitor. Mother - EA Kazakova - was a simple peasant woman.
Vasily was the eighth child in the family. He graduated from the parish school and went to study in Petrograd. From the summer of 1911 he worked as a "boy" in JSC "Siemens and Galske", that is, he was a messenger, a messenger, an accomplice. In September 1912, he entered a disciple at the Otto Kirchner factory. In May 1913 he worked as a worker at the Geisler plant.
The Imperial Army
In May 1916 he went to serve in the army. First he was in the 180th reserve regiment of infantry, which was stationed in Petrograd. After a while it was included in the composition of the 433rd Novgorod regiment of infantry and sent to the front. He fought on the northern front. Not far from Riga in battle he received a concussion.
In February 1917, he was transferred back to Petrograd. There he took an active part in revolutionary events. From December 1917 he worked as an employee of the management of the former private banks.
After Vladimir Ilyich Lenin signedthe decree on the creation of the Red Army, the future Marshal Kazakov, whose photo can be seen in this article, enlisted there as a volunteer. He served in the first artillery battalion of Petrograd. In November 1918 he graduated from the Soviet artillery courses. Further, he served in the sixth rifle division of the MVO.
Gradually went up the career ladder. He began with the commander of an artillery platoon, then became an assistant to the battery commander. After a while he became the battery commander himself. After he was appointed head of the school of junior primary staff. As an intelligent commander, he was twice transferred to the most difficult sectors of military operations. Kazakov fought on the Western and Northern fronts, took part in the Soviet-Polish campaign.
After the end of the Civil War, he continuedhis service in the sixth rifle division. In 1925 he graduated from the Higher Artillery School in Leningrad. In the future he always tried to improve his military education, he graduated from three courses of improvement of command staff. And in 1934 he graduated from the Military Academy. Frunze.
Since the summer of 1927 served in the First Moscow Rifle Division MVO. He held the post of artillery commander, later - the division's artillery chief. In August 1939, he was appointed artillery commander of the 57th Rifle Corps. Since the summer of 1940 he commanded the seventh mechanized corps of MVD.
The war against fascism
In the fighting, the future Marshal Kazakov,whose biography is rich in military glory, joined in July 1941. He was appointed artillery commander of the Sixteenth Army of the Western Front. Kazakov himself proved himself well in the hardest battles of the initial period of the war. Participated in the battle for Moscow and the Smolensk battle.
His bright head belongs to the idea ofcombined anti-tank support points. Each of them was complemented by anti-tank, heavy artillery and machine-gun fire. After a while, the creation of these items became an indispensable condition for defensive operations throughout the army.
Kazakov was a great opponent of uniformdistribution of artillery throughout the defensive front and sought to use it heavily on the most vulnerable sectors of the front. He always demanded that the artillery be maneuverable and quickly move to the right positions.
In training, the lich-member adhered to the principlesinterchange. In his opinion, every fighter of artillery calculation had to be able to replace a wounded comrade. Kazakov's demands were approved by the commander of the army Rokossovsky. They worked well together and served together until the end of the war.
In 1942 Kazakov took part in the Battle of Stalingrad. In February 1943, he was appointed commander of the artillery of the Central Army Front. On April 6, 1945 he was awarded the title of Hero of the USSR, having distinguished himself in the Vistula-Oder operation. And a month later the Soviet Union won in this bloody war.
Further service: Kazakov - Marshal
Since July 1945 commanded the artillery of a group of troops in Germany. In March 1950, he was appointed first deputy commander of the artillery army. In January 1952, Kazakov himself began to command the artillery of the Soviet Army. The rank of marshal of artillery received on March 11, 1955.
In October 1956 became the chief of the Air Defense of the Land Forces. In April 1965 he was appointed inspector-adviser to the Group of Inspectors General of the Ministry of Defense of the Soviet Union. Kazakov - Marshal, who completed his life on May 25, 1968, was buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery.
He was married twice. The first time he got married during the Civil War. In 1944, his wife died at the front. She was a major medical officer. At the headquarters of the front, he met his second wife, she was a signalman. Kazakov is a marshal and a happy father of two sons. His elder son Victor followed in the footsteps of his father and fought at the front. He rose to the rank of Lieutenant-General of Artillery. The grandson Kazakov also served in the artillery troops.
Awards, which was awarded to Kazakov
Marshal deserved many different awards. Here are just some of them:
- Order of Lenin (four);
- Order of the Red Banner (five);
- the Order of the Red Star;
- Order of Suvorov, first degree (three);
- Order of Suvorov second degree;
- Order Kutuzov first degree;
- Order "For military valor" of the fourth class;
- Order of the "Cross Grunwald" second class.
His name was given to the streets in St. Petersburg, Nizhny Novgorod and some other localities.