How to beat a blow to the gallbladder?
Cholecystitis - whose treatment ends very successfully, is nothing more than an inflammatory process that occurs in the gallbladder. Cholecystitis is quite common and it is detected on average in 15% of the adult population, with the rate increasing every year.
Because of some features, women suffer from cholecystitis several times more often than men. Naturally, the official and traditional medicine does not disregard this issue and offer various methods of treating the disease.
Symptoms of cholecystitis
Cholecystitis is not an asymptomatic disease and delivers a number of unpleasant sensations to patients. The illness has bright symptoms and treatment in adults is prescribed on the basis of their manifestations and intensity.
Among the signs of cholecystitis are the following:
- feeling of heaviness in the right side;
- pains of dull character, which can be given to the area of the arm and shoulder blade;
- refusal to eat;
- digestive disorders;
- belching with a bitter aftertaste;
- the occurrence of nausea and vomiting;
- yellowing of the skin.
Acute cholecystitis, the symptoms, the treatment of which is somewhat different, is accompanied by so-called hepatic colic, a pain that is localized in the liver region. In this case, in addition to the above symptoms, new ones are added - the temperature rises, the pain intensifies, vomiting does not lead to relief.
Calculous cholecystitis, the so-called crisis stage of gallstone pathology, is a sign of a strong inflammatory process, which often spreads to the tissues of neighboring organs. Such a complication often makes it difficult to diagnose and assign effective treatment.
Drugs for cholecystitis
It is recommended to treat cholecystitis in a complex way, using both medicaments and auxiliary methods.If acute cholecystitis is diagnosed, treatment includes antimicrobial and antibacterial agents, preference is given to antibiotics, the active component of which is able to concentrate in bile. This allows you to suppress the infection.
If we are talking about the hypertonic type of lesion of the biliary pathways and painful bouts of cholecystitis, then the therapy is aimed at normalizing the bile outflow and reducing pain.
To do this, prescribe the following drugs:
- Riabal is a means of removing the flow of impulses of nerve fibers to the gallbladder;
- drugs - antispasmodics (Papaverine, Drotaverinum, Noshpa, etc.) - eliminate muscle cramps and soreness;
- analgesics (Analgin, Spazmolgon, Ketorol and others) - effectively anesthetize.
Hypotonic dyskinesia often occurs, bouts of cholecystitis develop, but there are no calculi in the bladder, the gallbladder is flaccid, and the flow of bile becomes weak. In this case, it is advisable the appointment of cholagogue funds - plant or synthetic.
This group includes the following drugs:
Among the herbal remedies for cholecystitis, broths of corn stigmas, hips, coriander, and tansy are used. You can also buy ready-made collection, which is called "choleretic tea." The above drugs enhance bile secretion, dilute it, which has a positive effect on the outflow. In addition, dosage forms have a small anti-inflammatory effect.
It is worth noting that the exacerbation of cholecystitis is a contraindication to receive any choleretic drugs. They are prescribed during remission, when the acute symptoms of cholecystitis disappear. Therapy lasts from 2 to 4 weeks.
If calculous cholecystitis is diagnosed, treatment includes the use of gallstone dissolving agents. In some cases, their admission for cholecystitis helps to avoid the intended surgical intervention.
The most commonly prescribed drugs containing any bile acid:
- Ursodeoxycholic - Ursofalk, Ursosan, etc .;
- Genodesoxycholic - Henohol, Khenosan, etc.
Treatment of cholecystitis includes not only medication. The diet, which must be prescribed for cholecystitis, includes the intake of mineral waters. Since they differ in mineral composition and action (antispasmodic, choleretic, etc.), they are recommended individually.
But any mineral water drink, releasing gas, 3-4 times a day before meals. Warm mineral water has a spasmolytic effect. Cold water with gases can increase spasms and provoke a painful spasm.
Treatment of cholecystitis and pancreatitis, if stones are not found in the patient, may include the use of tubage - blind sensing of the gallbladder. This procedure improves the processes of biliary excretion and has a positive effect on the contractile functions of the bladder.
Naturally, this method can be used for cholecystitis only after consulting with your doctor, as with the movement of stones, tubage can cause an attack.
The method itself is very simple, and it is easy to implement at home. It is important before carrying out a tuba and after a rest. It is recommended to use mineral water of the type Essentuki No. 4, after releasing gases from it.It should be in the morning to drink warm mineral water - 1 cup, and after half an hour another. Then you need to go to bed by placing a heating pad under your right side. The duration of the procedure is 2-3 hours.
For hypotension of the bladder or ducts, it is recommended to use more effective choleretic agents, for example, magnesia with xylitol or sorbitol. The duration of therapy is 7-10 procedures, which are carried out once a week.
Violation of the bile outflow adversely affects the condition of the liver, therefore, experts often recommend taking drugs with a hepatoprotective effect. They protect the cells of this organ, stimulate the bile outflow and improve its quality.
The most popular drugs, hepatoprotectors are the following:
- Hofitol (herbal remedy - artichoke extract);
- Phosphogliv and others
If cholelithiasis and cholecystitis are accompanied by impaired functions of the autonomic nervous system, it is recommended to take drugs with a sedative effect:
- Calm down;
- Valerian extract, motherwort.
Patients suffering from cholelithiasis and cholecystitis are recommended regular spa treatment. It uses various modern physiotherapy:
- impulse currents;
- electrophoresis using Papaverine or Novocain;
- galvanization by Shcherbak method;
- bromine electrophoresis.
Also a positive effect in cholecystitis have a bath with the addition of coniferous extract, carbon dioxide or oxygen.
Diet is an important aspect in the treatment of cholecystitis. With this disease, the basis of the diet is protein food of plant and animal origin. Patients are advised to consume more fruits, vegetables, dairy products and lean meat.
If the chronic form of cholecystitis develops, it is recommended to exclude from the menu acidic fruits, berries and drinks from them. Also it is necessary to saturate the body with food containing components that contribute to the normalization of bile secretion, enhancing the secretory function of the glands, eliminating constipation and reducing cholesterol.
An excellent means of stimulating the process of secretion of bile, are vegetable oils.They should be used for salad dressing. But it should be borne in mind that an excess of this product can lead to blockage of ducts and colic.
The diet also implies restricting the consumption of certain foods - butter, sour cream, pastries, sweets, bread, cereals. Salt also falls into this list, its daily amount should not exceed 10 grams. Fat and fatty meat with cholecystitis are banned. It is necessary to give preference to boiled and steam dishes, giving up spices, roasted, baked.
There is a need to warm food, as hot or cold food can cause pain and spasms in the biliary tract and the walls of the gallbladder.
Traditional therapy for inflammation of the gallbladder
With the diagnosis of "cholecystitis" treatment of folk remedies is permissible, however, prior consultation with a specialist is required. Usually, such methods are included in the complex treatment and are combined with medical drugs. In addition, folk therapy is effective in the chronic form of cholecystitis, but in the acute course of the disease, it is better to reject its means until the symptoms go away.
These medicinal plants have a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, which allows them to be used in the treatment of cholecystitis, pyelonephritis, cystitis.
Also excellent complex action with cholecystitis have charges, containing the following components in different variations:
- dandelion leaves and roots;
- buckthorn bark;
- leaves of bitter wormwood;
- St. John's wort;
- sandstone gold;
- lingonberry leaves;
- dog-rose fruit;
- bird highlander;
- three-leaf watch;
- daisy flowers;
- birch leaves;
All these medicinal plants improve the production of bile, reduce its viscosity, prevent the formation of calculus, improve the movement of bile fluids through the ducts.
In addition, there are a number of choleretic drugs that can be prepared at home:
- 0.5 kg of oats poured boiling water and infused for 40-60 minutes. Accepted 1/2 cup three times a day.
- Peeled beets are cut and boiled for several hours, until the beet broth is thick. It is accepted on 1/4 glasses three times a day before meal.
- Fresh rowan juice is drunk daily in the form of heat, 1/2 cup in the morning and evening.
- A mixture of vegetable oil and grapefruit juice has an active choleretic effect. They are mixed in a ratio of 1: 1, for one dose - 100 ml, and taken before bedtime. Before taking it is recommended to clean the stomach with an enema.
- Freshly squeezed cabbage juice is another effective remedy for cholecystitis. It is drunk before a meal, 1/2 cup, in the form of heat.
- The menu can include a salad of fresh black radish, seasoned with vegetable oil.
Cholecystitis is a disease that worries many, has unpleasant symptoms, but you should not despair.Like other diseases of internal organs, cholecystitis requires timely diagnosis and comprehensive treatment. It is important to listen to your body and seek professional help at the first signs of an inflammatory process.