How did the market begin in the USSR
In the Soviet Union, there was always a shortage of goods, it was always necessary to get something “according to cronyism”, “from under the counter”, or simply relying on luck to be at the right time in the right place, when at the end of the quarter the wanted goods were thrown away. But, it really became bad at the turn of the 80s and 90s. Everything was gone, the counters were empty ...
Products were delivered to the regions according to the allocated quotas, but it was not enough for everyone, cards were introduced everywhere ...
Please note - the saleswoman makes a mark in the "product book"
I remember these empty counters very well. Today, some claim that in Soviet times the shelves were full of goods, and the detractors of Soviet reality show pictures from the 90s ...
In fact, the Soviet stalls were overwhelmed with a similar illiquid, creating the illusion of relative abundance. And by the beginning of the 90s and this was gone! It was a real sur))
The situation got tense and out of control ...
The country's leadership, then Russia, had to resort to emergency measures and a forced transition to the market.
As part of these activities, the famous DECREE dated January 29, 1992 N 65 ABOUT FREEDOM OF TRADE appeared
DECREASE of January 29, 1992 N 65 ON FREEDOM OF TRADE
In order to develop the consumer market, stimulate competition, overcome monopoly in the retail sector and create conditions for the rapid development of the trading and intermediary network in the context of price liberalization, I decide:
1. Grant enterprises, regardless of their form of ownership, as well as citizens the right to carry out trade, intermediary and procurement activities without special permits, except for the trade in arms, ammunition, explosives, poisonous and radioactive substances, drugs, drugs and other goods whose sale is prohibited or limited by applicable law.
2. To establish that goods imported by citizens into the territory of the Russian Federation or sent to their address are not subject to customs duties.
4. To establish that enterprises and citizens carry out trade (including from hands, trays and cars) in any places convenient for them, with the exception of the carriageway of streets, metro stations and territories adjacent to the buildings of state authorities and administrations.Enterprises and citizens engaged in trade are responsible for the quality of the goods sold in accordance with applicable law.
And here it began!)))
I myself traded) My friend and I went to Moscow at the Exhibition of Economic Achievements, bought a TV there, the next day we went to the “Puddle” early in the morning and gathered there ... all sorts of rubbish - some kind of sewn, skewed, underwear on the knee , stitched from a blanket, incomprehensible origin of sneakers ...
Then we resell it all twice as expensive. Something handed over to the "lump", but something was carried to the market. The market was a vacant lot on which in rows were the same as we were merchants, spread out a newspaper or an oilcloth in front of him (the steep ones had folding beds), and dumped their treasure on it.
To tell you the truth - it was great! Such a drive, something like hunting or fishing) However, for us this occupation was not the main, sort of elective.
In any case, today we are remembering those times with a smile and warmth, there were plenty of reasons for laughter!
Of course, it was not at all amusing to those who needed to feed the family ...
Stalls were really beautiful! Some inconceivable quality of clothes, bars "Mars" and "Snickers", spirit "Piano" - all in one heap.