Embroidery on the surface: schemes for beginners
Embroidery is loved by handicraft from small tois great. Her enthusiasm will allow her to show her creative abilities and have a good time. If you find simple schemes for embroidery, you can start work safely, and no matter how old you are.
Ironing can decorate clothes for adults andchildren, towels, curtains, pillowcases, napkins and tablecloths. Various accessories and interior items look much richer, if they are decorated with embroidery. Postcards, small pictures are a nice gift that even a child can make by themselves. An excellent task for children's creativity is embroidery on the surface. Schemes for beginners are available on the Internet and magazines. Experienced embroiderers create whole pictures. Of course, such work requires time and painstaking work.
But learning to embroider smoothly is not difficult, it will take only a little patience and knowledge of some secrets.
Distinctive features of embroidery stitch
Glazed is one of the embroidery techniques loved by needlewomen, it allows you to create incredibly realistic compositions.
It is a tight fitting stitch,which completely cover the canvas. The direction of the stitches can be different, the effect depends on this. It is more difficult to embroider with embroidery than with a cross, but this technique allows you to make exquisite fragments and accurate transfer of details and color transitions. When embroidering with smoothness, it is customary to rely on schemes, but experienced craftsmen can, with time, create without using them.
Start with simple motivations for beginners, and youquite quickly master this technique. Flowers are a favorite by many embroidery stitch. The diagrams are a pattern outline, which is then filled with stitches according to the instructions.
Tips for beginner embroiderers
Looking at the wonderful work of the craftsmen, the beginning needlewoman dreams of learning to create the same masterpieces as soon as possible. It is quite possible, but you need to act in steps.
The basis of the basics is to learn how to perform different kinds ofseams and stitches. Excellent start - simple embroidery with a smooth surface. Schemes for beginners are sometimes elementary, but they allow you to perfectly train on small details. Time will pass, and you will intuitively perform color transitions, without even looking at the diagram.
You will need the following materials for embroidery on the surface:
- base fabric;
- embroidery frame;
- needle for embroidery;
- thread (usually a mule);
- special small scissors;
- a thimble to protect your fingers.
How to choose a needle and threads for embroidery
For embroidery, almost any yarn is suitable. For thin fabrics, cotton and silk are taken.
The most common thread for embroidery stitch- a moulinet. Each thread (pasma) consists of 6 thin strings, which are easy to separate and use separately. Manufacturers of mulina offer the widest palette - up to 400 shades.
On dense fabrics cotton yarn "Iris" or wool looks good, but the number of shades is very small. Sewing threads for embroidery are not used because of their strong torsion.
As for the selection of needles, there are no specialrequirements, you just need to rely on the thickness of the thread and fabric. A more delicate canvas-base will require embroidery in 1-2 threads of a floss. Make sure that the needle eyelet is not too wide so that the fabric is not deformed. More coarse canvases are embroidered full of strawberry or wool.
Numbers of needles for embroidery of thin fabrics - 1-3, for dense cotton - 4-8 number, for dense wool - 9-12.
Rules of embroidery
- Sufficiently dense fabric (not knitwear). In case of embroidery on knitwear, use non-woven fabric or another sealant, which can then be cut. If the fabric is stretched well, the pattern will not deform.
- Ways of transferring the picture: carbon paper, tracing paper, special washable markers. You can use a thermal pencil or a finished drawing, which is transferred to the substrate with the help of an iron.
- Carefully fasten the fabric in the frame.
- Preferred thread - a floss or silk. Maps of the shades of famous manufacturers - DMC, Madeira, Anchor - number hundreds of names and will allow you to pick and execute the thinnest transitions, especially if it's embroidered with flowers. Schemes need to choose tested, then your work will be incredibly realistic.
- The outline of the picture should be hidden, so embroider, slightly beyond it.
- Stitches should close the material tightly so that it can not be seen.
- Different directions of stitches will allow to achieve interesting color effects.
Where to look for embroidery schemes for beginners
If you decide to learn embroidery stitchindependently and bought everything you need, you can easily find a lot of schemes in books on needlework. Step-by-step master classes detail how to do the work. Flow charts for embroidery - flowers - remain the most popular for a long time. You can find an option for every taste.
A lot of books for beginner needlewomendevoted to this kind of creativity, like embroidery smooth. The diagrams are perfectly illustrated, so it's very convenient to work with them, especially if you are out of the house.
Also on sale you can find ready-made sets for beginners, they already have threads of the right colors, fixed on the organizer, detailed scheme, fabric, needle.
Simple stitch embroidery technology
In simple ironing, the stitches are executed in parallelto each other, they densely fill the part, while the edges of the picture are even. One of the types of needlework, which requires special care - is the embroidery by the smooth. The schemes look simple, but the execution of the motives requires precision.
A simple surface is two-sided, so the face andThe underside of the product looks the same. It looks very nice and allows you to use this technique everywhere. The ends of the thread hide under the main stitch cloth, but the knots are not made at this time.
The thread is fixed as follows. Inside the element, you need to make several stitches "forward the needle", then stretch the thread so that the end remains on the surface of the drawing. Next, embroidery stitches will close the end of the thread, and it will not be visible.
Simple patterns for embroidery: flowers
After the working thread is fixed, the main pattern is executed with dense stitches, exactly along the drawing line. This requires accuracy and patience.
Stitches can be applied at different angles, but always parallel to each other. Observe the tension of the thread.
Floral motifs are a very popular embroidery stitch. Schemes are very diverse, with different levels of complexity.
For example, you can embroider a simple flower with the use of colored threads.
The beginning of the work is the center of the flower. We use a simple smooth surface, in the same way we perform leaves. Antennae embroidered with a stalk seam. As a result, you will get a beautiful smooth two-sided drawing.
Sure, you did it perfectly!
Simple schemes for embroidery with smoothness will allow novice craftsmen to feel confident.
We embroider a poppy flower
Today embroidery is becoming popular -poppies. Schemes of these wonderful flowers can be difficult to find. Below is a step-by-step instruction that allows you to embroider poppies with novice masters. Technique of execution - the Chinese smooth surface.
- We translate the picture on the fabric.
- We select threads of different shades, harmonizing among themselves. The flower is red and black, for stems and leaves - green.
- Embroider with red thread flowers and buds.
- In green, we perform stems (stem stitch) and leaves (simple smooth surface). The direction of the embroidery is the same as in the photo.
- We embroider the central parts of the flowers with a black thread.
This is the easiest way to embroider a poppy. You can use color transitions if you are an experienced craftsman.
Decoration of clothes
The most popular motif for decorating clothes -embroidery with flowers. Schemes can be the simplest, but the result is simply stunning. Folk costumes have long been decorated with rich embroidery. Popular embroidery schemes on the clothes will make it possible to turn modern things into trendy clothes in just a couple of hours.
For example, we will decorate a simple T-shirt with embroidery, we will use a floral motif.
We will need:
- White T-shirt;
- scheme for embroidery;
- small plastic hoop;
- A washable marker to transfer the drawing;
- embroidery frame.
We transfer the scheme by the "bypass" method using a marker. We fix the fabric in the embroidery frame and proceed to embroidery.
First we perform embroidery of twigs, the seam "forward the needle".
The contours of the leaves are bypassed by a stalk seam, then we fill them with a simple smooth surface.
Flowers are also embroidered with simple smoothness according to the scheme.
When the whole pattern in the embroidery frame is made, we move them to a new place.
And here is the result: a fashionable embroidered T-shirt.
Clothing, decorated with embroidery, has a special character, because it is unique. This is a perfect gift for loved ones or for yourself.
Thus, embroidery on the surface - wonderful handicraft, which will give you a lot of pleasant minutes.