Dead Lake Baskunchak

Dead Lake Baskunchak

Baskunchak Lake is a salt lake located in the Bogdinsko-Baskunchaksky Reserve. At its core, this lake is a depression at the top of the Bogda salt mountain Big, which goes underground for thousands of meters and is covered by a layer of sedimentary rocks. Every year the mountain becomes higher. The fact is that inside it is the salt dome, which for the year increases by about 1 mm. And the power of the lake comes from sources spouting from the ground. They also saturate the lake with salts. During the day they bring more than 2.5 tons of salts. By the way, the baskunchak salinity is 300%.

1. In 1884, a railway was laid from Baskunchak to Vladimir pier on the Volga. From that time, commercial salt mining began. And for the first time, Lake Baskunchak was officially mentioned in the 18th century in the “Book of the Great Drawing”.

1

2. In the 20s of the last century, manual breaking of rock salt was replaced by a mechanical one, for which a special combine was designed - a “salt pump”. It works simply: a ripper-ripper destroys the surface of the salt bed and drives salt porridge - brine to the warehouse. Removing more than a meter of the surface of the salt layer, fishing it drains.One may ask a reasonable question: why has the reservoir not disappeared over the years? The answer is simple: rock salt, oddly enough, is plastic. Like ice, it “flows” under the weight of the earth. Salt flows into the Baskachka depression from neighboring powerful salt domes. Therefore, fishing can exist indefinitely, allowing you not to resort to the construction of mines for underground mining.

2

3. The Soviet "Solesos" to our time has been replaced already by four generations of modern combines of salt production. Highly mechanized production operates from spring to autumn, and in winter, complex equipment that constantly works in an aggressive environment is being repaired and prepared for the new season.

3

4. The share of salt mining at Lake Baskunchak amounts to 80% of all salt production in Russia today. For the export of salt, the Baskunchak railway was built, part of the ways of which is now abandoned. All paths are electrified.

4

5. From 1960 to 1963, a 20-kilometer ring track was organized on the Baskunchak lake to establish All-Union speed records. During races on Lake Baskunchak 29 All-Union speed records were set (19 of them exceeded international ones), including the absolute All-Union record - 311.4 km / h.But due to the increase in salt production and the subsequent deterioration of the hydrogeological situation, the surface of the lake became unsuitable for record races, and domestic race drivers lost a unique place for competition, not much inferior to the legendary track on Lake Bonneville.

5

6. In addition to the salt solution, there are deposits of therapeutic mud on the coast of Lake Baskunchak.

6

7. Especially prized is the blackest one, which contributes to the treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system and skin diseases.

7

8. Dirt here can be found everywhere. One has only to dig up salt at the pillar, as dark swill comes out to the surface with a bubbling.

8

9. On the beach you can find trash left by tourists - for example, slippers and bottles. Everything that gets into the lake is overgrown with a thick layer of salt.

9

10. At first glance it may seem like snow or even ice, but in reality it is salt.

10

11. Anyone can visit the lake - it is located 50 kilometers from the city of Akhtubinsk. In the parking lot by the lake you will be met by many annoying teenagers who, seeing a tourist, immediately offer him the services of guides. Parking fee - 50 rubles from the car.

11

12.Also here offer travel by transport to the beach - the original motorcycle with a bench for passengers.

12

13. Although travel is officially prohibited, from time to time there are cars with Moscow license plates on the territory. When moving to the lake across the steppe, you need to follow the herds of horses, which run out all the herd on the road completely unexpectedly.

Related news

  • Eyeglasses for pros and cons
  • The review of fashionable dresses in the floor 2016
  • Coloring: a selection of sites
  • Courses for pregnant women all over Ukraine: a selection of sites
  • Theaters in Simferopol: a selection of sites
  • Dead Lake Baskunchak

    Dead Lake Baskunchak

    Dead Lake Baskunchak

    Dead Lake Baskunchak

    Dead Lake Baskunchak

    Dead Lake Baskunchak

    Dead Lake Baskunchak

    Dead Lake Baskunchak

    Dead Lake Baskunchak

    Dead Lake Baskunchak

    Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak Dead Lake Baskunchak