Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

Place bromeliya in your home

Bromeliad on the windowsillChoose a room for her with the highest level of humidity. Remember, bromeliad, growing at home, the moisture it needs takes it from the air. It is permissible to put it on the windowsill in the summer. However, it is necessary to protect it from drafts and direct, burning, sunlight. The best option would be the sill of the eastern window. However, observing the stipulated conditions, the plant will feel excellent on the southern side.

Soil requirements

Any bromeliad variety, whether it be a pineapple, a mix, a vriezia or a gusmania, prefers a porous and necessarily loose soil. Note, the height of the drainage in this case should beBromeliad in potsthird part of the flower pot. As a rule, the soil mixture is prepared from:

  • 2 pieces of leafy ground;
  • 1 parts of humus;
  • 1 part peat;
  • 0.5 parts of sand.

In the role of additives can be:

  • bark of coniferous trees;
  • crushed sphagnum moss;
  • turf ground;
  • charcoal.

Soil for seedlingsSuch a flower as bromeliad care at home is provided not only in terms of maintaining the air temperature, humidity, watering, but also content in special soil. Bromeliad variese will give preference to a completely different soil content:

  • 3 pieces of crushed sphagnum moss;
  • 1 part of finely chopped pine bark;
  • 1 part peat;
  • 1 piece of leafy ground;
  • 0.5 parts of dry mullein.

In this case, the soil structure is improved with the addition of perlite and pieces of charcoal.

Air temperature and humidity

Vriesia at homeThe best indicator is the temperature at +25 degrees. During flowering or keeping calm it is necessary to reduce the temperature to +18. The minimum allowable value is at +12.

Bromeliad feels most comfortable at a 70% humidity level. At home, this percentage is difficult to provide, so the boundary may be humidity at 60%. It is in this issue of care the most difficult. To achieve such an indicator, experienced growers recommend using household air humidifiers or placing a container with expanded clay or wet moss next to the flower.

Correct watering

Watering in the bromeliadAny type of bromeliad: guzmaniya, pineapple, or vriezii - require moisture.In any case, watering must be correct. For this you need to understand the root system of the flower. Its roots are not capable of absorbing the water supplied by it, so it should not be watered into the soil of the flowerpot, but only into the outlet from its leaves. Do not forget that in the same way as watering, and nutrients are fed - feeding.

However, the substrate in which bromelium grows must be moistened.

This flower requires from the owner not just watering, as a fact, but the use of extremely soft water.
The water in the sprayer that was used for irrigation is replaced with the required top dressing. Providing watering bromeliad, we can not forget about washing the rosette of the plant itself. Such a procedure should be carried out at least once every few months.

How to plant bromeliad?

Plant bromeliadBromeliad guzmaniya or vriezii does not tolerate transplantation. This flower does not need a transplant at all, and in the dominant number of cases it is disastrous. However, reproduction occurs shoots that appear at its base. For rooting the flower only needs heat and moisture.

Since transplantation is contraindicated, but in any case you want to enjoy bromelium, take advantage of young shoots. The substrate is being prepared for them as follows:

  • soil for orchids;
  • peat;
  • sand.

All these components are taken in smooth parts and stirred until a homogeneous mass.

Bromelia variese in a potAfter the soil is ready, you need to take a spacious flower pot. His bottom lay claydish or clay shards and covered with soil.

From the parent flower, youngsters are separated when the shoots are at least 1/3 long, or? the size of its parent. The shoot is stuck into the ground to a depth of no more than 2 cm. Before the advent of the root system, a special support must be made of stone or a wooden peg.

At this stage, care should be provided the same as it was agreed for an adult plant. In any case, at home, it is not so difficult to ensure it.

How to bloom bromeliad

Pink Bromeliad Flower

Pink Bromeliad Flower

You should not convince yourself that having provided bromeliya at home with proper care, you will definitely wait for its flowering. To enjoy blooming bromelium, you need to know some tricks. Even in a flower pot, bromelia can give the same flowers as in the photo.To do this, keep the temperature at +21 degrees. A reduction of up to +18 is acceptable, but not recommended. And strictly forbidden lowering the temperature in the room to the mark of +12 degrees.

As a rule, flowering occurs in the summer months. However, nature can be fooled. In this case, the secret will no longer have anything to do with home care.

In the wild, ripening fruits produce ethylene - it is he who will help to stimulate the appearance of flowers.
How to use this knowledge at home? In the near supermarket buy unripe bananas. Put them near the bromeliad pot, wrap the design with a plastic bag. You will see for yourself how, after such an experiment, your bromeliad will delight the eye with its flowering.

Do not cheer!

Mealybug

Mealybug

Improper care of bromelium, even for such a picky variety as vriezii, can lead to serious illnesses. Moreover, a significant part of all diseases are provoked by parasites, which, after settling, begin to destroy the flower.

The most obvious pests are mealybugs and scale insects. The latter suck nourishing sap from the stems and leaves, leaving behind a liquid that can trigger the growth of the fungus.

It must be remembered that after infecting the flower with thyroid glands, they will have to be collected manually, and the leaves free from parasites should be washed with soap and sprayed with tobacco solution.
There is no guarantee that after such a procedure this pest will not be interested in bromelium a second time. Therefore, you need to monitor its condition.

The photo shows a mealybug. It is also harvested by hand, and after this procedure, bromelium is sprayed with a solution of green soap. Such a procedure is best done three times to be absolutely sure that after treatment the plant will be protected from the pest.

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  • Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home

    Caring for bromeliad mix and other varieties at home