Beauty without any problems - growing dieffenbachia in your home
Dieffenbachia is a tropical plant originally from South America, which has many varieties.
In our latitudes, most often there are two varieties of dieffenbachia -lovelyandCamillawhich differ in small size, reaching 30-50 cm, and very large leaves.
There are other species that can have very different scales - from a height of 15-20 cm, which is different varietyCompactup to 1 meter - these dimensions have dieffenbachiabush.
All plants share a common feature - the presence of light green leaves, which are white or yellowish streaks.
Heavy substrates are not suitable for her, since at home this plant is accustomed to crumbly soil, which easily passes air. Therefore, it is best to buy a mixture for coniferous bushes - in it, dieffenbachia will feel great, and its leaves will receive a bright wax shine, indicating the exceptional health of the plant.
If you do not have such an opportunity, then you can make the mix yourself, which will include:
- 2 pieces of leaf turf;
- 1 part peat;
- half of the sand.
Providing climatic conditions
In addition, care involves creating optimal conditions for temperature, light, and access to air. At home, creating the necessary environment is quite difficult, since dieffenbachia requires a constant high temperature, which can range from 24 to 30 degrees.
In addition, this flower is very sensitive to light - even a slight shading causes the leaves to turn yellow in Dieffenbachia. Therefore, the optimal place to locate a plant at home is a window sill that does not open a window or a balcony on which you can organize a mini-greenhouse.
Dieffenbachia is very sensitive to strong gusts of wind - so you should not install it in rooms that are very often ventilated.
This especially differs dieffenbachia spray, which is able to completely refresh the air in a small room up to 20 times a day.
On some series of educational photos, you can see that in the winter, the maintenance of dieffenbachia almost stops and the plant leaves in a dark corner. This decision is fundamentally wrong, as Dieffenbachia requires the entry of light all year round. The only relief that can be done in the winter at home is to reduce the allowable temperature to 17-22 degrees, which should be accompanied by a decrease in the frequency of watering and feeding.
Irrigation and spraying conditions
Like any tropical plant, dieffenbachia loves care with abundant watering, but is not very sensitive to the forgetfulness of the grower.On average, experts recommend watering the plant after one day - it must be ensured that the soil on the surface is slightly damp, but not a firebox.
In addition, the leaves can also fall in the event that you use too hard water, which is quite common in the urban plumbing system. In such cases, before irrigation, the water must be defended, which will also allow the removal of chlorine and other chemical substances from it, with the help of which they carry out the cleaning of engineering communications.
The ideal option is to use decanted rainwater, however, if you live in a highly polluted region, dieffenbachia will react very negatively to such irrigation.
At home, which are very far from the rainforest fields, dieffenbachia also needs to be sprayed frequently.
The plant loves this kind of care - in some photos you can even see that it is covered with large drops. Do not be afraid to cover the leaves with water - this does not lead to their rotting and other negative effects. On the contrary, you can see how dieffenbachia washes the leaves on its own - with dry air, it pulls out excess moisture from the soil and releases it on the green mass in the form of droplets that roll down to the stalk, washing the dried up foliage.
It is also important to apply mineral fertilizers to the soil - for this it is best to use universal liquid products that are suitable for any deciduous plants.
The care, supplemented by top dressing, makes it possible to grow strong and high dieffenbachia at home, which will become a real decoration of your home.
However, there is also a restriction on the use of fertilizers - they can not be applied if the plant leaves turn yellow, as this will lead to further deterioration of their condition.
Problems and remarks
If your dieffenbachia begin to fall off the new leaves, this may mean that it was cramped in the old pot, and the plant needs a transplant.You can view the process on training videos, but it is worth noting that the transfer is not a full-fledged transfer, but more often. This is due to the fact that the plant has very thin and fragile roots that can be easily damaged when you try to unravel them.
Do Dieffenbachia often enough disease, the manifestations of which you can see in many photos. First of all, they are expressed in the appearance of brown spots and holes at the edges of the leaves. This disease means that you have provided the plant with the wrong care, and it suffers from a lack of lighting. In addition, as mentioned above, the leaves may also turn yellow or acquire a dark green swamp hue.
If your dieffenbachia is all spotty, however, these white markings are very tiny in size and do not coincide with the pattern that the natural veins form, then most likely it was attacked by a disease caused by a spider mite.
In addition, the causes of the disease, in which a similar spotty attack appears on the plant, also include the scythe mite attack, which is also not indifferent to a tropical flower.