Bear disease or emergency syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome, moreknown as the "bear disease" in the people, is a disorder of the intestinal functions that develops as a result of a malfunction in the work of the psychosocial mechanism of action, impaired motor activity of the intestine and its visceral sensitivity. To characterize this disease requires a special strategy for diagnosis. By its name "bear disease" this disease is due to bears, who, with a strong fright, for example during a hunt, have a sudden disruption of bowel functions.
The study of this disease began in the XIX centurycentury. In 1849, W. Gumming described a clinical picture of a patient with these symptoms, later in 1892, W. Osler designated this clinical condition as mucosal colitis. In most countries, "bear illness" is a very common disease, with about 60% of people who experience the symptoms of the disease, do not seek medical help. Young people of working age are most likely to suffer from bear illness - from 25 to 40 years.
In medical terms, bear illness -a set of stable functional disorders that last at least 10-12 weeks throughout the calendar year, and have the following symptoms: pain and discomfort in the abdomen, disappearing after the act of defecation, a change in the consistency and frequency of the stool, and the release of mucus along with feces and flatulence.
Depending on which particular symptom of the disease is the leading one, there are three variants of the bear illness:
- with flatulence and predominant pain in the abdomen;
- with predominant constipation;
with predominant diarrhea.
However, practice shows that such a divisionis very conditional, since 50% of patients observe a combination of various symptoms of the disease and their transformation. The definition of a variant of the disease from a practical point of view is of great importance, since the treatment of bear illness depends on it.
Most often bearish illness manifests itself in the periodnervous experiences or severe stress. The emergence of this reaction leads to a strong, sudden stimulation by external factors of the nervous system and the cerebral cortex, after which it activates and begins to intensify a variety of functions in the body: respiratory, motor functions of the glands of internal and external secretion.
Bear disease: treatment.
The main condition for successful therapyis the establishment of a trusting relationship with a patient who needs to clarify the nature of the disease and necessarily warn him that the manifestations of the syndrome can persist for several months and even years without progression, and with competent treatment the symptoms will be weakened.
The role of dietary nutrition in the treatment of bearthe disease is not proven, however, on the nature of the chair its influence is very significant. It is necessary to limit the intake of gas-forming and fatty foods, caffeine, alcohol, caffeine and fiber.
If there are constipation, increase the number ofdietary fiber, i.e. cereals, beets, carrots, pumpkins, fruits and oatmeal. For pain and bloating, vegetables should be eaten in baked, boiled or stewed. With diarrhea you need to exclude milk, raw fruits and vegetables.
Medicamentous treatment of bear illness inmainly focused on symptoms that cause patients to seek medical help or cause the greatest discomfort. In this regard, the treatment is symptomatic using many pharmaceuticals, such as antispasmodic and antidiarrheal drugs, antidepressants, benzodiazepines, serotonin receptor blockers, guanylate cyclase activators and antibiotics. Alternative therapy of this disease consists in taking phytotherapeutic agents and probiotics.