10 youngest capitals of the world
May 21, 1712 Peter I moved the capital of Russia from Moscow to St. Petersburg. The transfer of capitals in the world is not a unique phenomenon, and even not infrequent. The capitals are still being transferred - for various geographic, strategic, and sometimes more peculiar reasons. We invite you to get acquainted with the ten youngest capitals of the world.
1. Republic of Palau
The capital was moved to Ngerulmud, Melekeok in 2006. The former capital - Koror - was considered temporary. According to the 1979 Palau Constitution, it was necessary to determine the permanent capital for 10 years. The new capital was chosen already in 1986, but officially Ngerulmud became the capital only in 2006, when the construction of the Capitol was completed (on the photo).
In 2005, the capital was moved to Naypyidaw. The name of the city is translated as "Royal country". It was built on the site of the village of Chepyi, 17 kilometers west of the city of Pyinman. The exact reason for the transfer of the capital is unknown. Here could play as strategic considerations, and considerations of domestic policy, if not the advice of astrologers,which often happened in the history of the country. The former capital is Yangon.
Astana has been the capital of Kazakhstan since 1997. The official reason for the transfer is to ensure the favorable and accelerated development of the country's inner regions. The former capital, Alma-Ata, is geographically located in the south, and not in the center of the republic, it has exhausted the possibilities of its further development and has become dangerous in ecological and seismic terms.
4. Arab Palestine
Ramallah was formed in 1994 in the West Bank region of the Jordan River, as the administrative capital of the Palestinian Authority and the capital of the partially recognized State of Palestine.
In 1993, Dodoma became the official capital of Tanzania. The residences of the government and the president of the country were moved to Dodoma, but foreign embassies, as well as most government agencies, industrial enterprises, banks and offices remained in the former capital, Dar es Salaam.
The transfer of the capital to Abuja took place in 1991. Choosing a place for a new capital, President Nigeria Murtala Mohammed sought to create a city in which no ethnic, social or religious group would dominate. The former capital is Lagos.
Berlin was chosen from two capitals when the state was united in 1990. The second is the "unselected" capital of Germany - Bonn.
8. Côte d’Ivoire
The capital was moved to Yamoussoukro in 1983. The reason for the transfer is simple - Yamoussoukro is the hometown of the country's first president, Houphouet-Boigny. The former capital is Abidjan.
9. Sri Lanka
Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte was isolated in 1982 from the former capital, Colombo, which still performs part of the functions of the capital.
Manila - merged in 1976 with the former capital - Quezon City, forming the so-called Greater Manila - Region of the national capital.