10 unusual tribes
Not all fantastic creatures came to us from fairy tales. Some of them are those on the reality of existence, which scientists of different times have insisted for 2000 years.
When people first tried to catalog all the tribes and all the creatures that lived on our planet, they recorded some strange things. There were allegations that if you retire far enough from civilization, you can meet tribes of people without heads, with heads of animals or with legs that do not grow as expected.
Of course, we never found evidence that such tribal real existed. However, people of that time insisted that they themselves saw them. And these stories did not come from one person — they were confirmed by other people. Of course, the most logical explanation is that all these stories were invented. But there were so many of these stories that one can only wonder why our world looks the way it is now.
10. Flemish: headless people from Africa
In the fifth century BC in the eastern part of Libya lived a tribe of people who did not have heads on their shoulders.Their eyes and mouths were located on the chest.
At least, as the Greek historian Herodotus claimed. He did not insist on the authenticity of this information, in his own words, he only wrote down what the Libyans said. However, he is not the only one who claimed this; people have reported headless people for over 2,000 years.
After more than 400 years, the Roman writer Pliny the Elder insisted that headless people really existed. He called them "blemmies" and described them as a nomadic tribe that roamed Ethiopia. According to Pliny, they were full of savages and extremely dangerous.
Messages arrived and later. In 1211 AD a researcher named Ferms claimed that he found a tribe of “people without heads, with eyes and mouths on their bodies” who lived on an island in Ethiopia. He added that their height was 366 cm. Just over 100 years later, John Mandeville claimed that he also saw them. In the 17th century, Sir Walter Raleigh himself insisted that they existed in reality.
9. Kalistriya - psoglavtsy people from India
The ancient Greek historian Ctesias, in the fifth century BC, traveled to India, and he returned from there with several unusual stories.He claimed that there lived a people in the mountains called “Kalistrii” and that these people have dog heads.
“They do not speak, but bark like dogs,” said Ctesias. They could understand other people in India, he argued, but responded either with barking or sign language. And there were a lot of them. According to Ctesias, there were 120,000 calistria in the mountains of India.
However, the strangest thing is that other people confirmed his story. After about 200 years, a Greek name for Megasfen followed in the footsteps of Ctesias to India. He said that calistries really exist, and he insisted that he saw them himself.
Calistries were not only reported by the Greeks. Chinese writers of the Tang Dynasty claimed that dog people lived near Tibet, they called them "supanami." Centuries later, Marco Polo also said that he had met a tribe of people who looked like Calistria on the island of Angaman. “I assure you,” wrote Marco Polo, “all the people of this island of Anhamanan have heads like dogs”.
8. Sciopods: “people-shadows”
Ctesias also wrote that he met not only dog people in India. He claimed that he met a group of extremely strange people called "sciopods".According to him, people from this tribe had only one leg with one giant foot. And when it became hot, they lay on their backs and hid from the sun under the shade of their own foot.
According to the description of Ctesias, the sciopods moved by jumps, and that worked well for them. With the help of their only leg, they could jump over the human head.
All this seems rather ridiculous, but for 2000 years, people thought that the sciopods were real. Isidore of Seville insisted that they really existed and portrayed them in his bestiaries; early maps contain small images of sciopods in those parts of India where they supposedly lived. Even the philosopher St. Augustine devoted a whole treatise to them. St. Augustine wrote that the sciopods were most likely descended from Adam and therefore should be considered human beings.
7. Panotias: people with giant ears
According to the Roman author Pliny the Elder, on the island in Scythia, there is a group of people called panotia. These people had huge, flexible ears hanging from the sides of their heads. Their ears were so big that panotyas didn't even need clothes. They simply wrapped their ears around their bodies during the day and covered them like blankets at night.
If you imagine such an image, then it looks frankly stupid, but one of Pliny’s contemporaries, the Roman Pomponius Mel, insisted that Pliny spoke the truth and was only slightly mistaken about their place of residence. According to Mela, panotias lived on the Orkney Islands of modern Scotland. And they used their ears not only as clothing, but also as a shelter from the sun on those days when it beat especially hot.
According to Mela, panotias did not live alone on the island. They had to share territory with another tribe - hippopods, whose representatives had legs with horse hooves.
6. Fusan: the kingdom of women
It was not only Europeans who believed that extraordinary peoples lived around them. When Chinese Buddhist missionary Hui Shen in 500 AD made a journey to find out what is in eastern China, he told some unusual stories on his return. Hui Shen claimed that he had reached a country called Fusan, which, according to his description, was located in the area of modern San Francisco. (According to other opinions, it could be Mexico, British Columbia, or other places.) In the country of Fusan, he found a kingdom of women who bred without sex.
The women, he said, were beautiful, although their bodies were covered with hair.There were no men among them. To get pregnant, they went into the river and waited until the baby was formed in their wombs. Then, after three or four months, children were born. Women fed their children, according to Hui Shen, allowing them to suck the juice out of their necks.
This is a very strange story, but the Indian astrologer Varahamihira claimed that he also met with these women. However, Varahamihira moved these women to Tibet - right next to the Calistria.
5. Arimaspas: one-eyed people
In the northern districts of Scythia, on several snow-covered mountains, called the Riphean Mountains, there lived a tribe of one-eyed people, called Arimaspas. According to the ancient Greeks, these one-eyed people differed not only by this strangeness - they were the main reason why Scythia was so rich.
According to Herodotus, the Arimaspas made a living stealing gold from the griffins. They lived next to a group of greedy griffins who spent all their time sitting by the pile of gold, and the Arimaspas were the only people who had the courage to steal this wealth and deliver it to Scythia.
In this story, everything seems fantastic.Even Herodotus himself did not insist on the truth of this story, saying that all this was written from the words of the Scythian. However, oddly enough, there are some modern historians who believe that arimasps could be real.
Their theory is that all the inconsistencies in the story were the result of the language barrier and the game of "spoiled phone". There was a group of Zoroastrians, their name was distorted when retelling and gradually transformed into the word "Arimaspa", which means "one-eyed." Herodotus, as some historians believe, could just hear this name and introduce it into his story.
4. Abarimony: a tribe with twisted feet
When Alexander the Great moved to the east, he hired a man named Bayton to first conduct reconnaissance in the interior of India. According to Bayton, he reached the Himalayas: the land on which the abarimons lived.
According to Bayton's description, the abarimons did not go like everyone else. Their feet were turned back, however, oddly enough, it did not cause them any inconvenience. They could run fast and did not lag behind the fastest animals. Bayton said that he wanted to bring one of the abarimons to Greece, but their lungs were arranged so that they could not breathe in another climate.When Bayton tried to take them out, they began to choke in the denser air of the lowlands.
Of course, this is a pretty convenient excuse, but Bayton was not the only one who saw them. Megasfen claimed to have seen them too when he was traveling in India. He said that they preferred to be called "nulls", and added that they had eight fingers on each leg.
3. Makilhi: a tribe of hermaphrodites
In Ethiopia, there was a people called makilhi. And, according to the Greeks and Romans, all the representatives of this people were hermaphrodites.
In any case, the Romans claimed. The Greeks were the first people to come in contact with makilchs, and although they considered them women with many signs of men, they never called them hermaphrodites. When Gerodot wrote about them, he noted that they worship the woman-goddess of war, and during her celebration women fight with stones and sticks.
Herodotus did not write anything about their genitals, but Aristotle later claimed that these people had one female breast on the right side of their body. Even later, the Roman writer Kallifanes stated that they were all hermaphroditic. According to Kallifanes, they had both genitals working.According to him, makilkhs "united the sex in one person and in turn performed the functions of each of them."
2. Astomoyi: an Indian tribe that fed on smells
The Greek explorer Megasfen claimed that during his travels in India, the strangest people he met were astomos. It was a tribe of incredibly hairy men dressed in cotton, and they had no mouths. According to Megafen, the astomo used to feed by smell. They sought out fragrant roots and flowers and ate them. However, they had to be careful because of their ultrahigh susceptibility to odors. A strong and sharp smell could kill them in an instant.
Medieval researchers claimed that they met astomists, and, in particular, they mention that they lived in the headwaters of the Ganges. John Mandeville wrote most about them, and he added many more details that Megasfen had disregarded.
Astomoyi, according to Mandeville, were dwarfs, and their face was almost empty. In its middle was a hole through which they sucked water through a straw. Since they had no mouths, they had to communicate with the hiss.
one.Libyan satire: half goat people from Africa
Satires - according to many Roman and Greek writers - existed not only in myths. They lived in reality, and many people claimed that they saw them personally. Greek writers Herodotus and Xenophon claimed to have seen the skin of a satyr. They said that she was exhibited as a landmark in a city on the Meander River.
And so it was not only they who spoke. Pliny the Elder, in his writings, mentions that several Satyrs live in Western Ethiopia. A few more Romans claimed to have seen them.
Pausanias wrote that one of the Libyan satyrs was captured and taken to Rome, and Plutarch claimed that he had seen a satyr captured on the territory of modern Albania. One Roman soldier of the emperor Sulla even stated that he personally caught a satire, suddenly attacking him during sleep.
And that is not all. It was believed that the last satire died only in the fourth century AD, but it was still possible to see their bodies for a long time. Saint Jerome said that he personally saw the body of the satire, which was stored in a heap of salt.